3T MR neurography using three-dimensional diffusion-weighted PSIF: Technical issues and advantages
ABSTRACT Three-dimensional (3D) diffusion-weighted reversed fast imaging with steady state precession (3D DW-PSIF) MR sequence has the potential to create nerve-specific images. The authors describe the technical issues and their initial experience with this imaging technique employed for peripheral MR neurography.
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ABSTRACT: The radial nerve is a continuation of the posterior cord of the brachial plexus and one of the major nerves that provide motor and sensory innervations to the forearm. MR imaging evaluation of the radial nerve pathology has been described in scattered case reports. Current high-field MR scanners enable high resolution and high contrast imaging of the peripheral nerves. This article reviews the 3 Tesla magnetic resonance neurography imaging of radial nerve anatomy and various pathologies affecting it with relevant case examples.Journal of Neuroradiology 07/2011; 38(5):265-74. DOI:10.1016/j.neurad.2011.05.006 · 1.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine diagnostic accuracy of semiquantitative and qualitative magnetic resonance neurography criteria in common peroneal nerve (CPN) neuropathy. Institutional review board approval was obtained with a waiver of informed consent for this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective study. A review of 28 knees in 28 subjects (12 males and 16 females; age range, 13-84 years; mean [SD] age, 42  years) who had undergone magnetic resonance neurography of the knee was performed. Thirteen patients who had a final diagnosis of CPN were classified as cases, and 15 patients who lacked a final diagnosis of CPN neuropathy were classified as controls. Morphological characteristics of the CPN, including nerve T2 signal intensity, nerve size, nerve course, fascicles morphology, regional muscle edema, and fatty infiltration, and an overall assessment of the CPN as being normal or abnormal were evaluated by 2 independent radiologists blinded to the clinical history. Overall sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy compared against our reference standards were expressed as percentages. Interobserver agreements were assessed using linear weighted κ statistics. Common peroneal nerve T2 signal abnormality had the highest sensitivity (77%) in identifying CPN neuropathy. Except for T2 signal abnormality, overall specificity for the nerve morphological parameters and muscle denervation change assessed was fairly high, ranging from 94% to 100%. The consensus accuracy ranged from 68% to 79% for the morphological characteristics assessed. The interobserver reproducibility was very good (k = 0.90 to 0.91) for assessment of regional muscle denervation changes and moderate (k = 0.46 to 0.59) for morphological CPN characteristics. Magnetic resonance neurography is a useful modality in supplementing the diagnosis of CPN. Using predefined classification criteria helps standardize the morphological criteria of CPN neuropathy diagnosis.Journal of computer assisted tomography 07/2012; 36(4):455-61. DOI:10.1097/RCT.0b013e31825dcfba · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN) of the sciatic nerve in children is a rare condition characterized by a painless neurological deficit in the sciatic nerve territory. To demonstrate the role of MRI using a specific protocol and describe the primary findings in LHN. Imaging in four children (age 2 years to 12 years) is presented. All children presented with lower limb asymmetry. Three had a steppage gait. LHN was confirmed by electrophysiological studies and by MRI of the whole sciatic nerve with a dedicated protocol covering the lumbar spine and the lower limb. There were four direct MRI findings: (1) linear and focal hypertrophy with progressive enlargement of a peripheral nerve or plexus diameter, (2) abnormal hyperintensity of the nerve on T2-weighted images, (3) preserved fascicular configuration, and (4) variable enhancement after intravenous gadolinium administration. In addition there were atrophy and fatty infiltration of innervated muscles. MRI was helpful for determining the extent of lesions and in excluding peripheral nerve compression or tumour. MRI of the whole sciatic nerve is the method of choice for diagnosing LHN of the sciatic nerve.Pediatric Radiology 07/2012; 42(8):952-8. DOI:10.1007/s00247-012-2418-y · 1.65 Impact Factor