A comparison of oral mucositis in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between conventional and reduced-intensity regimens.
ABSTRACT Severe oral mucositis developed in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) accompanies intolerable pain and risk for systemic bacteremia infection. Conventional stem cell transplantation (CST) and reduced-intensity regimens for allogeneic HSCT (RIST) may differently affect the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis. Here, we comparatively examined oral mucositis in patients undergoing CST and that in RIST patients to search for measures to alleviate oral mucositis. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 130 consecutive patients undergoing HSCT (conventional, 60; RIST, 70). Oral mucositis was evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. We also investigated the risk factors for severe oral mucositis in each regimen. The incidence of oral mucositis was not significantly different between RIST and CST patients. The use of opioid analgesics to control pain due to oral mucositis was significantly less in patients undergoing RIST compared with those receiving CST. The risk factors for severe oral mucositis, determined by univariate and multivariate analyses, were "younger age (<40)" in CST and "longer duration of neutropenia (≥ 14 days)" in RIST. Although the incidences of oral mucositis were almost the same, the need for opioid analgesics and the risk factors for severe oral mucositis differed between CST and RIST patients.
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ABSTRACT: OM is a frequent complication for patients undergoing HSCT. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible risk factors for OM in children undergoing HSCT for PI. A retrospective study was carried out on 55 consecutive medical records of patients with PI (including osteopetrosis) who underwent HSCT. Age at the time of HSCT, gender, diagnosis, type of donor, conditioning regimen, engraftment, graft-versus-host disease, and severity and duration of OM were collected at the beginning of the conditioning until day 100 post-HSCT or death. OM was measured using the WHO scale. Patients' age range at the time of HSCT was quite wide; 59.2% of the patients who were under nine months (n = 13) developed OM vs. 87.8% of the patients older than nine months (n = 29) (p = 0.01). T-cell positive patients had a statistically significant higher risk of developing OM (p = 0.04), as did those receiving a more intensive conditioning regimen (p < 0.01). PI patients undergoing HSCT are at higher risk of developing OM if the PI is a T-lymphocyte-positive disease and/or if the HSCT recipient is over nine months of age.Pediatric Transplantation 06/2013; · 1.50 Impact Factor