Patient Outcomes With Endovascular Embolectomy Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke A Study of the National Inpatient Sample: 2006 to 2008
ABSTRACT Maturing techniques have spurred widespread implementation of endovascular embolectomy therapy for ischemic stroke. We evaluated a large administrative database to determine outcomes in patients treated with endovascular embolectomy in the general population.
Using the National Inpatient Sample, we evaluated outcomes of patients treated for acute ischemic stroke in the United States from 2006 to 2008. Patients who had an ischemic stroke and underwent endovascular clot retrieval were identified. Morbidity, defined as "discharge to long-term facility," and mortality were evaluated as a function of patient age and of concomitant thrombolytic agent administration.
For 2006 to 2008, a total of 3864 patients received endovascular clot retrieval with 266 (6.9%) patients in 2006, 800 (20.7) patients in 2007, and 2798 (72.4%) patients in 2008. The discharge to a long-term facility rate was 51.3% (1983 of 3864). The in-hospital mortality rate was 24.3% (940 of 3864). For patients <65 years old, the rate of in-hospital death was 17.1% (283 of 1658) as compared with a rate of 29.7% (656 of 2206) for patients ≥65 years old (P<0.0001). The rate of discharge to a long-term facility was 47.6% (789 of 1658) for patients <65 years old and 54.1% (1193 of 2206) for patients ≥65 years old (P<0.0001). The rate of intracranial hemorrhage was 15.5% without concomitant thrombolysis and 20.0% with concomitant thrombolysis (P=0.0009).
Rates of morbidity and mortality remain high for patients with acute stroke, even in the setting of endovascular embolectomy. Advanced age portends a worse outcome and patients treated with concomitant use of thrombolytic agent had higher rates of intracranial hemorrhage than those without such therapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Waleed Brinjikji
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- "Patients suffering from posterior-circulation (vertebrobasilar) occlusions suffer high morbidity and mortality rates, and previous studies have demonstrated that those with posterior-circulation occlusions have a poor prognosis regardless of the treatment modality used.6-10 It has also been demonstrated that increasing age is associated with worsening morbidity and mortality for acute ischemic stroke patients treated with either IV-tPA or mechanical thrombectomy.11-13 The present study evaluated Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from the period 2006-2010 in order to determine the real-world outcomes in patients with posterior-circulation occlusions treated with endovascular clot retrieval (i.e., mechanical thrombectomy) or IV-tPA in the general population. "
ABSTRACT: Aggressive treatment of posterior-circulation occlusions is important due to the high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with these infarctions. A large administrative database was evaluated to determine the outcomes of mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) for the treatment of posterior-circulation (vertebrobasilar) strokes. Outcomes were compared across age groups. The United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to evaluate the outcomes of patients treated for posterior-circulation acute ischemic stroke between 2006 and 2010. Patients who underwent endovascular mechanical thrombectomy and IV-tPA were selected. Primary outcomes were discharge status and mortality; secondary outcomes were length of stay, rate of intracranial hemorrhage, tracheostomy, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy/jejunostomy tube placement. Outcomes were grouped according to age (i.e., <50, 50-64, and ≥65 years). Chi-squared test and Student's t-test were used for comparisons of categorical and continuous variables, respectively. During 2006-2010 there were 36,675 patients who had discharge International Classification of Diseases (9th edition) codes indicating posterior-circulation strokes. Of these, 631 (1.7%) underwent mechanical thrombectomy and 1554 (4.2%) underwent IV-tPA. The in-hospital mortality rate for mechanical thrombectomy patients was significantly lower for those aged <50 years than for those aged 50-64 years (30.4% versus 47.4%, p<0.01) and those aged ≥65 years (30.4% versus 43.0%, p≤0.01). Age had no effect on the in-hospital mortality for IV-tPA patients, with an incidence of 22.7% for patients aged <50 years, compared to 25.4% for patients aged 50-64 years (p=0.46) and 23.0% for patients aged ≥65 years (p=0.92). Patients requiring IV-tPA and/or mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of posterior-circulation strokes suffer from high mortality rates. Increased age is associated with significantly higher mortality rates among posterior-circulation stroke patients who require mechanical thrombectomy.Journal of Clinical Neurology 01/2014; 10(1):17-23. DOI:10.3988/jcn.2014.10.1.17 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acute ischemic stroke continues to be one of the leading causes of disability and death and is a financial burden to an already taxed health care system. Much research and investigation has been carried out over the past decade on various recanalization devices aimed at restoring cerebral blood flow. Despite the rapidly improving technical abilities of these devices, it has been difficult to demonstrate corresponding improved clinical outcomes. This article will describe the application of the most recent generation of these devices and briefly discuss the ongoing discrepancy between these technical achievements and stroke outcomes.Methodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal 04/2014; 10(2):105-110. DOI:10.14797/mdcj-10-2-105
- American Journal of Neuroradiology 09/2011; 32(10):1769-70. DOI:10.3174/ajnr.A2783 · 3.59 Impact Factor