Multidetector computed tomography in transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
ABSTRACT Aortic stenosis is a common disorder. Aortic valve replacement is indicated in symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis, as the prognosis of untreated patients is poor. Nevertheless, many patients pose a prohibitively high surgical risk and are not candidates for surgical valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a novel method to treat selected high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. Patient screening and anatomic measurements of the aortic root are of great importance to ensure procedural success and appropriate patient selection. Multidetector computed tomography (CT) is playing an increasingly important role in patient screening protocols before TAVI, provides detailed anatomic assessment of the aortic root and valve annulus, assesses the suitability of iliofemoral access, and determines appropriate coaxial angles to optimize the valve implantation procedure. Additionally, CT is providing a greater understanding of medium-term valve durability and integrity. This review outlines an evolving role for CT angiography in support of a TAVI program and describe step by step how CT can be used to enhance the procedure and provide a practical guide for the utilization of CT angiography in support of a transcatheter aortic valve program.
Article: SCCT expert consensus document on computed tomography imaging before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)/transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) plays an important role in the workup of patients who are candidates for implantation of a catheter-based aortic valve, a procedure referred to as transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Contrast-enhanced CT imaging provides information on the suitability of the peripheral access vessels to accommodate the relatively large sheaths necessary to introduce the prosthesis. CT imaging also provides accurate dimensions of the ascending aorta, aortic root, and aortic annulus which are of importance for prosthesis sizing, and initial data indicate that compared with echocardiographic sizing, CT-based sizing of the prosthesis may lead to better results for postprocedural aortic valve regurgitation. Finally, CT permits one to predict appropriate fluoroscopic projections which are oriented orthogonal to the aortic valve plane. This consensus document provides recommendations about the use of CT imaging in patients scheduled for TAVR/TAVI, including data acquisition, interpretation, and reporting.Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 11/2012; 6(6):366-380.