Article

Fluoroscopic-assisted endobronchial intubation for single-lung ventilation in infants

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Pediatric Anesthesia (Impact Factor: 1.74). 06/2011; 21(6):681-4. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2011.03585.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Review our institutional experience with an alternative to fiberoptic-guided endobronchial intubation.
The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to present our experience with the use of fluoroscopy to facilitate endobronchial lung isolation in infants undergoing thoracoscopic procedures.
Anesthesiologists are more frequently being asked to anesthetize infants and small children for thoracoscopic surgery. Typically, endobronchial intubation or bronchial blockers are utilized to achieve lung isolation during these procedures. However, sometimes small and complicated anatomy can make this challenging.
Respective chart review over a 13-month period of infants undergoing thoracoscopic excision of congenital lung lesions at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Rate of success in achieving lung isolation along with time of fluoroscopy exposure were recorded.
Twenty infants had thoracoscopic lung surgery attempted during the period of the review. Lung isolation was successfully achieved in all of the patients. The average exposure to fluoroscopy was 83.7 s (range 20-320 s).
Fluoroscopic aided lung isolation is a reliable and effective alternative method to the use of fiberoptic bronchoscope for endobronchial intubation in infants.

0 Followers
 · 
91 Views
  • Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 01/2013; 29(1):130-131. DOI:10.4103/0970-9185.105828
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study was to assess the right placement of the double lumen endotracheal tube with fluoroscopic guidance, which is used in first intention prior to the fiberscope in our institution. Design Prospective observational study. Setting The study was conducted in vascular and thoracic operating rooms. Patients We enrolled 205 patients scheduled for thoracic surgery, with ASA physical status were respectively I (n = 37), II (n = 84), III (n = 80), and IV (n = 4). Interventions Thoracic procedures were biopsy (n = 20), wedge (n = 34), culminectomy (n = 6), lobectomy (n = 82), pneumonectomy (n = 4), sympathectomy (n = 9), symphysis (n = 47), and thymectomy (n = 3). Measurements The intubation with a double lumen tube was performed with the help of a laryngoscope. Tracheal and bronchial balloons were inflated and auscultation was performed after right and left exclusions. One shot was performed to locate the position of the bronchial tube and the hook. Fluoroscopic guidance was used to relocate the tube in case of a wrong position. When the fluoroscopic guidance failed to position the tube, a fiberscope was used. Perioperative collapse of the lung was assessed by the surgeon during the surgery. Results Correct fluoroscopic image was obtained after the first attempt in 58.5% of patients therefore a misplaced position was encountered in 41.5%. The fluoroscopic guidance allowed an exact repositioning in 99.5% of cases, and the mean duration of the procedure was 8 minutes. A fiberscope was required to move the hook for one patient. We did not notice a moving of the double lumen endotracheal tube during the surgery. The surgeon satisfaction was 100%. Conclusion The fluoroscopy evidenced the right position of the double lumen tube and allowed a right repositioning in 99.5% of patients with a very simple implementation.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014; 52(3). DOI:10.1016/j.aat.2014.03.003
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract The application of thoracoscopic surgical techniques to pediatric solid tumors represents an important adjunctive tool for the surgical management of childhood cancer. Nearly four decades has passed since the introduction of minimally invasive chest surgery in children, and although the adoption of minimally invasive surgery in general pediatric surgical practice is better recognized, its role in pediatric oncology is still considered a developing field. As no consensus exists regarding the use of thoracoscopy for pediatric thoracic solid tumors, the purpose of this article is to review the current literature surrounding the use of thoracoscopic interventions in pediatric oncology and examine established indications, procedures, and technologic advances.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 10/2014; 24(11). DOI:10.1089/lap.2014.0252 · 1.19 Impact Factor
Show more