The Role of Children’s Appraisals on Adjustment Following Psychological Maltreatment: A Pilot Study

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.09). 07/2011; 39(5):759-71. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-011-9507-5
Source: PubMed


Little is known about the cognitive mechanisms involved in the development of psychopathology following psychological maltreatment in children. This study therefore examined the role of thinking styles on children's outcomes following this subtype of maltreatment. Children who had experienced past maltreatment (n = 24) and a control group (n = 26) were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Maltreatment history, cognitive styles and psychological outcomes, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and self-esteem were assessed. Parents/caregivers also completed a measure of child internalizing and externalizing behaviours. Psychological maltreatment made a significant contribution to children's self-reported depression and low self-esteem, and parent reported internalizing and externalizing problems, even after controlling for other abusive experiences. This was not the case for PTSD symptoms. Further, children's cognitive styles were associated with self-reported depression, self-esteem and PTSD. They did not, however, predict parent-rated emotional and behavioural problems. This study provides preliminary support for a cognitive model of adjustment following psychological maltreatment. The results indicate the need for enhanced community awareness about the impact of psychological maltreatment, and suggest a direction for therapeutic intervention.


Available from: Reginald D.V. Nixon, Apr 16, 2015
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    • "This was supported by Nixon, Sterk and Pearce (2012) who found a significant reduction on the CPTCI from pre-to posttrauma therapy. Different studies have demonstrated that the CPTCI showed good internal consistency in children who had experienced a single traumatic event and also in children who had been exposed to psychological maltreatment (Leeson & Nixon, 2011; Salmond et al., 2011). However, a more thorough investigation of the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the CPTCI is lacking. "
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