Role of radiation therapy in mycosis fungoides refractory to systemic therapy.
ABSTRACT The long natural history of early stage mycosis fungoides (MF) makes its management a difficult problem. Skin lesions are sensitive to different therapies and a variety of treatment modalities have been used, such as topical nitrogen mustard, puvatherapy, UV-B, retinoids, radiation therapy, extracorporal photopheresis and systemic chemotherapy. For patients with refractory early stage MF, treatment selection is made by clinical parameters such as the age, sex and performance status of the patients, as well as the institutional expertise and the toxicity profiles of the different therapeutic approaches. We report radiation therapy in a relapsed/resistant stage IB patient with mycosis fungoides treated with local radiation therapy for symptomatic progression unresponsive to bexarotene therapy. Total skin electron beam therapy has been employed in early stage and for limited skin failure MF, while the role of local radiation therapy in MF is less defined. In our experience local radiotherapy has proved to be a very efficient, tolerable and cost effective approach in patients with MF unresponsive to systemic approaches.
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ABSTRACT: Total skin electron radiation has proven efficacy in treating MF. It is a complex technique that requires a dedicated radiation team, involving physicists, radiotherapists, and radiation oncologists. A center must treat a sufficiently high volume of patients to justify the development of TSE, with appropriate organization, time, and expense. The radiation team should be an integral part of a multidisciplinary clinical group, including medical oncologists, dermatologists, pathologists, and nurses. In these contexts, TSE has appropriately been developed in a limited number of centers. Cooperation between these centers is essential for further refinement of TSE techniques and for evolution of the role of TSE in the management of most patients with MF.Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America 11/1995; 9(5):1057-76. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is limited published evidence regarding the efficacy of total skin electron beam radiation for patients with the diffuse erythrodermic form of mycosis fungoides. Forty-five patients with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides were managed at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (n=34), and at Yale University (n=11) between 1970 and 1996. All received radiation without neoadjuvant, concomitant, or adjuvant therapies. The median age was 67 years (range, 42-84 years). The male-to-female ratio was 2.2. Fifteen received radiation for the treatment of newly diagnosed disease. There were 28 with Stage III (T4 N0-1 M0), 13 with Stage IVA (T4 N2-3 M0), and 4 with Stage IVB (T4 N0-3 M1) disease, and 21 had blood involvement. The median radiation dose was 32 gray (Gy) (range, 4.8-40 Gy). The median treatment time was 21 days (range, 3-125 days). A technically more intense method of radiation (32-40 Gy and 4-6 MeV electrons) was administered to 23 patients. All patients responded. The rate of complete cutaneous remission was 60%, with 26% remaining progression free at 5 years. Remission was associated with more intense radiation (P=0.014 in multivariate analysis with adjustment for blood and staging information). With the more intense radiation, 74% attained remission, with 36% remaining progression free at 5 years. For 8 patients with Stage III disease without blood involvement, all entered remission, with 69% remaining progression free at 5 years. Twenty of 30 deaths were related to mycosis fungoides. The median overall survival was 3.4 years, with a 10-year estimate of 28%. The median cause specific survival was 5 years, with a 10-year estimate of 43%. Both overall and cause specific survival were associated with an absence of blood involvement (both P<0.03 in multivariate analysis). Age was not a significant factor. Toxicities of radiation were acceptable when radiation was administered over 6-9 weeks at 5 fractions per week. Total skin radiation is an efficient monotherapy for patients with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides. With more intense radiation, the rate of cutaneous remission is 74%, and 27% remain progression free at 10 years. Radiation may be most efficacious in Stage III, with no blood involvement. When there is blood, lymph node, or visceral involvement, combined modality therapies should be explored.Cancer 06/1999; 85(9):1985-95. · 5.20 Impact Factor