Emotion Generation and Emotion Regulation: One or Two Depends on Your Point of View

Stanford University.
Emotion Review (Impact Factor: 2.9). 01/2011; 3(1):8-16. DOI: 10.1177/1754073910380974
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Emotion regulation has the odd distinction of being a wildly popular construct whose scientific existence is in considerable doubt. In this article, we discuss the confusion about whether emotion generation and emotion regulation can and should be distinguished from one another. We describe a continuum of perspectives on emotion, and highlight how different (often mutually incompatible) perspectives on emotion lead to different views about whether emotion generation and emotion regulation can be usefully distinguished. We argue that making differences in perspective explicit serves the function of allowing researchers with different theoretical commitments to collaborate productively despite seemingly insurmountable differences in terminology and methods.

Download full-text


Available from: Lisa Feldman Barrett, Aug 17, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    • "Loss of interest or pleasure is the core feature of depression, which may be manifested as lingering low mood and a reduced capacity to experience pleasure. Cognitive theories put maladaptive appraisal processes at the core of depression [28].According to Gross' s model of emotion, the initial appraisals of emotion events are frequently the starting point for iterative cycles of appraising and reappraising that extend beyond the events themselves[29]. Thus the need to change the initial negatively biased emotion responses is in particular essential for depressed patients. "
    Zhengzhi Feng · Xiaoxia Wang · Keyu Liu · Xiao Liu · Lifei Wang · Xiao Chen · Qin Dai
    Major Depressive Disorder - Cognitive and Neurobiological Mechanisms, 1 06/2015: chapter 5: pages 107-132; INTECH., ISBN: 978-953-51-2129-9
  • Source
    • "Finally, the century-old question about whether emotions have unique and specific patterns of nervous system activation has implications for research examining variability in tumor progression and metastasis trajectories. Although some theoretical frameworks involve a classification of emotions where each discrete emotion can be identified with a unique nervous system activation pattern (Gross & Barrett, 2011; e.g., Ekman, 1992; Ekman & Cordaro, 2011; Frijda, 1986), no such replicable patterns have been identified (cf. Barrett, 2006a, 2012; Barrett, Lindquist, et al., 2007; Lindquist et al., 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer control research involves the conduct of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences to reduce cancer incidence, morbidity, and mortality and improve quality of life. Given the importance of behavior in cancer control, fundamental research is necessary to identify psychological mechanisms underlying cancer risk, prevention, and management behaviors. Cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment are often emotionally laden. As such, affective science research to elucidate questions related to the basic phenomenological nature of emotion, stress, and mood is necessary to understand how cancer control can be hindered or facilitated by emotional experiences. To date, the intersection of basic affective science research and cancer control remains largely unexplored. The goal of this article is to outline key questions in the cancer control research domain that provide an ecologically valid context for new affective science discoveries. We also provide examples of ways in which basic affective discoveries could inform future cancer prevention and control research. These examples are not meant to be exhaustive or prescriptive but instead are offered to generate creative thought about the promise of a cancer research context for answering basic affective science questions. Together, these examples provide a compelling argument for fostering collaborations between affective and cancer control scientists. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Perspectives on Psychological Science 05/2015; 10(3):328-45. DOI:10.1177/1745691615576755 · 4.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Notwithstanding these differences, research on non-group-based emotion regulation suggests several directions for future research. For example, accumulated work suggests that attentional deployment is more efficient than reappraisal in high-intensity, avoidance-related, situations (Sheppes, Scheibe, Suri, & Gross, 2011). This idea should be examined for group-based emotions by exposing participants to group-based emotion stimuli of varying intensities and by examining which regulation strategies they choose to implement. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Scholars interested in emotion regulation have documented the different goals and strategies individuals have for regulating their emotions. However, little attention has been paid to the regulation of group-based emotions, which are based on individuals' self-categorization as a group member and occur in response to situations perceived as relevant for that group. We propose a model for examining group-based emotion regulation that integrates intergroup emotions theory and the process model of emotion regulation. This synergy expands intergroup emotion theory by facilitating further investigation of different goals (i.e., hedonic or instrumental) and strategies (e.g., situation selection and modification strategies) used to regulate group-based emotions. It also expands emotion regulation research by emphasizing the role of self-categorization (e.g., as an individual or a group member) in the emotional process. Finally, we discuss the promise of this theoretical synergy and suggest several directions for future research on group-based emotion regulation. © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.
    Personality and Social Psychology Review 04/2015; DOI:10.1177/1088868315581263 · 7.55 Impact Factor
Show more