GSTM1 null allele is a risk factor for gastric cancer development in Asians
ABSTRACT Glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), which plays an important role in detoxification pathways to protect against damage caused by reactive metabolites of chemicals, has been considered as potential gastric cancer susceptibility genes. However, the published data on the association between GSTM1 present/null polymorphism and gastric cancer risk are still inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. Totally, 44 studies including 5440 cases and 11607 controls were involved in the analysis. When all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis, obviously increased gastric cancer risk was found in null genotype carriers (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 1.08-1.33). When stratified by ethnicity, obviously evaluated risk was found in Asians (OR=1.31, 95% CI: 1.11-1.54) but not reached to statistically significance in Caucasians (OR=1.11, 95% CI: 0.96-1.28). In the subgroup analysis by hospital-based studies or population-based studies, statistically significantly elevated risk was found in hospital-based studies (OR=1.34, 95% CI: 1.07-1.67) but not reached to statistically significance in population-based studies (OR=1.11, 95% CI: 0.99-1.25). In summary, this meta-analysis result indicates that the GSTM1 null genotype is a low-penetrant risk factor for gastric cancer development in Asians.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Glutathione-S-Transferase T1 (GSTT1) gene has been shown to be involved in the development of esophageal cancer. However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, the authors performed a meta- analysis to clarify the association between GSTT1 polymorphism and esophageal cancer risk among Chinese Han population. Methods: Published literature from PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Data were searched. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was calculated using a fixed- or random-effects model. Results: Eleven studies with a total of 2779 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that GSTT1 null genotype was significantly associated with esophageal cancer risk in Chinese (OR = 1.31, 95%CI 1.12 to 1.53, p = 0.001). Further sensitivity analyses confirmed the significant association. The cumulative meta-analysis showed a trend of an obvious association between GSTT1 null genotype and esophageal cancer risk as information accumulated by year. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests a significant association of GSTT1 null genotype with esophageal cancer risk in the Chinese Han population.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 09/2012; 13(9):4403-7. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.9.4403 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Difference in the capacity of xenobiotic metabolising enzymes might be an important factor in genetic susceptibility to cancer. A case control study involving forty one gastric cancer patients and one hundred and thirty controls was carried out to determine the frequency of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes. The frequency of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotype was observed by carrying out multiplex PCR. There was no difference in the frequencies of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null and the combined GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotype between patients and control. Our data suggest that GSTM1 and GSTT1 status may not influence the risk of developing gastric cancer.Gene 08/2011; 487(2):166-9. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2011.07.010 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies investigating the association between glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) null genotype and laryngeal cancer risk reported controversial results. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to clarify the effect of GSTM1 null genotype on laryngeal cancer risk. A literature search was performed for all possible studies. We estimated summary odd ratio (OR) with its 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) to assess the association. Subgroup analyses were performed by ethnicity or the sample size. 24 individual case-control studies involving a total of 2,809 laryngeal cancer cases and 4,478 controls were finally included into this meta-analysis. Meta-analyses of total 24 studies showed the GSTM1 null genotype was significantly associated with increased laryngeal cancer risk (random-effects OR = 1.44, 95 % CI 1.19-1.73, P < 0.001). Subgroup analyses by ethnicity showed that the GSTM1 null genotype was associated with increased laryngeal cancer risk in both Caucasians (fixed-effects OR = 1.17, 95 % CI 1.04-1.33, P = 0.012) and Asians (random-effects OR = 1.89, 95 % CI 1.28-2.77, P = 0.001). Also, subgroup analyses by sample size also further identified this association above. The cumulative meta-analyses showed a trend of more obvious association between GSTM1 null genotype and increased risk of laryngeal cancer as information accumulated by year. Meta-analysis of available data suggests that GSTM1 null genotype contributes to increased laryngeal cancer risk in both Caucasians and East Asians.Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 09/2012; DOI:10.1007/s00405-012-2148-7 · 1.61 Impact Factor