Nurses' knowledge and risk perception towards seasonal influenza and vaccination and their vaccination behaviours: A cross-sectional survey
ABSTRACT Seasonal influenza has become a serious public health problem worldwide and vaccination is recognized as the most effective preventative measure. Healthcare workers can be the vectors of influenza outbreaks. Data suggest that nurses' vaccination remains suboptimal worldwide.
To explore the relationship among nurses' knowledge, risk perception and their vaccination behaviours and the reasons for vaccination uptake.
A cross-sectional survey.
Participants were recruited from the nurses enrolled on continuing professional education courses at a large university in London.
A sample of 522 nurses returned completed questionnaires (response rate 77.7%). Most of the respondents were women, worked in hospitals and had direct patient contact. The mean years qualified as a nurse were 11.9 ± 8.75 years.
The survey instrument examined nurses' knowledge about influenza and vaccination, risk perception towards influenza and pandemics, vaccination behaviours and reasons for vaccination acceptance or refusal. The survey also collected data regarding gender, age, highest educational qualification, work place, clinical specialty, qualified years as a nurse, and whether they had direct patient contact.
The influenza vaccination rate among the respondents was 36% with about 41% never vaccinated. Nurses with a high knowledge level were more likely to get vaccinated compared to those with a low knowledge level (p<0.001). Vaccination rates between the high risk perception and low risk perception groups were different (p=0.019). Sentinel knowledge items were associated with nurses' vaccination status. Several risk perception items including personal vulnerability to influenza or H1N1, mortality risk of H1N1, and the likelihood of transmitting influenza to patients were also predictors of vaccination uptake. Vaccinated nurses were more likely to recommend vaccination to their patients (p<0.001). The most frequent reason for vaccination refusal was concern about the side-effects of the vaccination while self-protection was the most frequent reason for vaccination uptake.
This study confirmed a relationship between knowledge, risk perception and vaccination behaviours among nurses. The identified sentinel items of knowledge and risk perception could inform future vaccination campaigns. The clinical specialty of nurses and the importance of accessibility to vaccination as predictors of vaccine uptake require further exploration.
- SourceAvailable from: Helen Sisson
Journal of Clinical Nursing 01/2014; 23(1-2):296-7. DOI:10.1111/jocn.12099 · 1.23 Impact Factor
- "However, the aspect of the instrument which measures vaccination behaviours addresses not only personal vaccination but also the recommendation of vaccination to patients. In a previous study by Zhang et al. (2011), it was found that nurses were more likely to recommend vaccination to their patients if they had been vaccinated themselves. Having made a connection between personal attitudes and subsequent practice, the relevance of the sample upon which the instrument was tested must be considered. "
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ABSTRACT: Though recommended by many and mandated by some, influenza vaccination rates among health care workers, even in pandemics, remain below optimal levels. The objective of this study was to assess vaccination uptake, attitudes, and distinguishing characteristics (including doctor-nurse differences) of health care workers who did and did not receive the pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine in late 2009. In early 2010 we mailed a self-administered survey to 800 physicians and 800 nurses currently licensed and practicing in Minnesota. 1,073 individuals responded (cooperation rate: 69%). 85% and 62% of Minnesota physicians and nurses, respectively, reported being vaccinated. Accurately estimating the risk of vaccine side effects (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.5-2.7), agreeing with a professional obligation to be vaccinated (OR 10.1; 95% CI 7.1-14.2), an ethical obligation to follow public health authorities' recommendations (OR 9.9; 95% CI 6.6-14.9), and laws mandating pandemic vaccination (OR 3.1; 95% CI 2.3-4.1) were all independently associated with receiving the H1N1 influenza vaccine. While a majority of health care workers in one midwestern state reported receiving the pandemic H1N1 vaccine, physicians and nurses differed significantly in vaccination uptake. Several key attitudes and perceptions may influence health care workers' decisions regarding vaccination. These data inform how states might optimally enlist health care workers' support in achieving vaccination goals during a pandemic.PLoS ONE 12/2011; 6(12):e29478. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0029478 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to estimate the vaccination coverage against the pandemic H1N1 influenza in a group of nurses and determine the factors associated with their vaccination behaviours. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of nurses who were enrolled on continuing professional education courses in a university in London. The survey response rate was 77.7% (n=522). A total of 172 (35.2%) nurses reported receiving the pandemic H1N1 vaccine in the 2009-2010 influenza season and only 22.3% of them had the intent to accept the vaccine in the next season. Compared to nurses with low knowledge scores, those with high knowledge scores were more likely to receive the pandemic H1N1 vaccine (p=0.017), recommend the vaccine to their patients (p=0.003), and have the willingness to recommend vaccination to patients in the future (p=0.009). There was a higher vaccination rate among nurses with higher risk perception scores than with lower scores (p=0.001). A small, positive correlation between H1N1 knowledge and risk perception scores was identified (p<0.001) indicating that a high knowledge level was associated with high levels of risk perception. More male nurses received the H1N1 vaccine than females (p<0.001) and there were a significant differences in the uptake among nurses from different clinical specialty groups (p<0.001). About half of the vaccinated nurses reported the intent to be vaccinated again but only 8.1% of the unvaccinated nurses had the intent to receive the vaccine in the next season (p<0.001). The pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza vaccination coverage among this nurse sample was sub-optional. Lack of knowledge and risk perception were predictors associated with the nurses' vaccination behaviours. The identified knowledge items should be addressed in future vaccination campaigns. The hindrances associated with continuing vaccination decision-making and factors contributing to the different vaccination coverage among clinical specialty groups require further exploration.Vaccine 05/2012; 30(32):4813-9. DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.05.012 · 3.49 Impact Factor