Serial observations on an orthotopic gastric cancer model constructed using improved implantation technique.

Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.55). 03/2011; 17(11):1442-7. DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i11.1442
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To establish a gastric cancer nude-mouse model with improved orthotopic implantation and investigate its biological characteristics at different time points.
Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cell suspensions were injected subcutaneously into a nude mouse to develop solid tumors, and the tumor tissue pieces were implanted under the serous coat. The nude mice were then euthanized in group every two weeks to observe the primary tumor growth and metastases.
Within 2-4 wk, there were no obvious changes about the primary tumor in stomach. At the sixth week, the primary tumor began to grow fast, resulting in incrassation of the gastric wall and stenosis of the gastric cavity, and metastases into the liver and lymph nodes were detected. The tumor, which compressed the adjacent organs, gradually became bigger and bigger followed by stenosis or vanishment of the gastric cavity from 8 to 12 wk. There were massive metastases, and the rate of metastasis was 58% in lymph nodes, 78% in liver, 39% in kidney, and 81% in peritoneum or septum.
A gastric cancer model is established, which can simulate the clinical tumor behavior and provide experimental carrier for clinical trials of gastric cancer treatment.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To establish nude mouse human gastric cancer orthotopic transplantation models using OB glue paste technique. Using OB glue paste technique, orthopic transplantation models were established by implanting SGC-7901 and MKN-45 human gastric cancer cell strains into the gastric wall of nude mice. Biological features, growth of the implanted tumors, the success rate of transplantation and the rate of auto-metastasis of the two models were observed. The success rates of orthotopic transplantation of the two models were 94.20% and 96%. The rates of hepatic metastasis, pulmonary metastasis, peritoneal metastasis, lymphocytic metastasis and splenic metastasis were 42.13% and 94.20%, 48.43% and 57.97%, 30.83% and 36.96%, 67.30% and 84.06%, and 59.75% and 10.53%, respectively. The occurrence of ascites was 47.80% and 36.96%. OB glue paste technique is easy to follow. The biological behaviors of the nude mouse human gastric cancer orthotopic transplantation models established with this technique are similar to the natural processes of growth and metastasis of human gastric cancer, and, therefore, can be used as an ideal model for experimental research of proliferative metastasis of tumors.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2008; 14(30):4800-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The metastatic behavior of seven human tumor cell lines grown in young (3- to 4-week-old) nude mice was studied. Two cell lines were derived from malignant melanomas, one from a colon carcinoma, two from prostate adenocarcinomas, and two from renal adenocarcinomas. Many of the cell lines produced metastases after i.v. injection (experimental metastasis) and after s.c. transplantation (spontaneous metastasis) into young nude mice. The incidence of metastasis seemed dependent primarily on the biological characteristics of the individual tumor cell line. However, the incidence of metastasis of some tumor cell lines could be increased by isolation and establishment of variant sublines from secondary tumor deposits, by prolonged systemic administration of 17 beta-estradiol to suppress natural killer cell activity, and/or by use of an advantageous site of tumor implantation. Intrasplenic injection of tumor cells allowed the most dramatic overall expression of metastatic capacity in these cell lines, resulting in frequent and large metastases to liver, lungs, and the mesenteric, omental, and mediastinal lymph nodes.
    Cancer Research 09/1984; 44(8):3522-9. · 8.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxygen radicals, which can be produced through normal cellular metabolism, are thought to play an important role in mutagenesis and tumorigenesis. Among various classes of oxidative DNA damage, 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) is most important because of its abundance and mutagenicity. The MTH1 gene encodes an enzyme that hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP to monophosphate in the nucleotide pool, thereby preventing occurrence of transversion mutations. By means of gene targeting, we have established MTH1 gene-knockout cell lines and mice. When examined 18 months after birth, a greater number of tumors were formed in the lungs, livers, and stomachs of MTH1-deficient mice, as compared with wild-type mice. The MTH1-deficient mouse will provide a useful model for investigating the role of the MTH1 protein in normal conditions and under oxidative stress.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10/2001; 98(20):11456-61. · 9.81 Impact Factor


Available from