Carcinosarcoma Ex Eccrine Spiradenoma of the Vulva: Report of the First Case
ABSTRACT Carcinosarcoma is exceedingly rare in the vulva. We describe a case of carcinosarcoma in a 67-year-old female patient who presented with recent enlargement and pain of a vulval nodule noted for 15 years. The excised tumor showed intermixed carcinomatous (adenocarcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma) and sarcomatous elements (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma), which focally merged with several lobules of typical eccrine spiradenoma. The inguinal lymph nodes showed metastasis of the carcinomatous component only. This case represents the first reported case of vulval carcinosarcoma of the skin adnexal origin, and has to be distinguished from sarcomatoid carcinoma of epidermal origin because of a probable more aggressive behavior.
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ABSTRACT: Context.-Because the skin and modified mucosal surfaces of the vulvar region contain dense apocrine glands and anogenital mammary-like glands, in addition to eccrine glands and folliculosebaceous units, benign as well as malignant lesions derived from these adnexal structures are, not surprisingly, found in the vulva. However, their incidence occurring in the vulva has not been reported, to our knowledge. Objective.-To determine the incidence of various vulvar adnexal lesions. Design.-We performed a retrospective review (1978-2010) of the cases at our institution. Results.-A total of 189 vulvar adnexal lesions were identified. Most of these lesions were benign (133 of 189; 70%), with hidradenoma papilliferum being the most common, followed by syringoma and various types of cysts. Rare cases of tubular adenoma, poroma, spiradenoma, hidradenoma, cylindroma, sebaceoma, and trichoepithelioma were identified. Malignant adnexal neoplasms comprised the remaining 30% (56 of 189) of the cases. Extramammary Paget disease was the most common (49 of 56), and 29% (14 of 49) demonstrated an invasive component. Rare cases of basal cell carcinoma, sebaceous carcinoma, apocrine carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and spiradenocarcinoma were identified. Conclusions.-In this retrospective review, we identified several benign entities that have not been previously reported on the vulva, namely pilomatricoma, poroma, spiradenoma, and sebaceoma. Hidradenoma papilliferum and extramammary Paget disease were the most common benign and malignant adnexal neoplasms, respectively. The spectrum of various vulvar adnexal lesions appears to reflect the frequency of the underlying glandular elements.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 09/2013; 137(9):1237-46. DOI:10.5858/arpa.2012-0434-OA · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: : To present and define diagnostic criteria for primary cutaneous carcinosarcomas (CSs). Neoplasms of 6 patients with primary cutaneous CSs were retrospectively analyzed. A panel of histopathologic parameters and immunophenotypic expression of distinct markers of differentiation were investigated. All cases had medium-to-poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma representing the epithelial component intermingled with a variable amount of malignant sarcomatous tissue proliferation. The authors identified 3 distinct morphological criteria for the diagnosis of primary cutaneous CSs with features of (1) a clearly defined dual neoplasm with explicit morphological characterization using histology and immunohistochemistry with distinct marker panels while, (2) metastases from distant sites and true collision neoplasms must be excluded, and (3) recognition of the neoplasm as a solid coherent proliferation with careful exclusion of sarcomatous stromal changes in the surrounding neoplasm stroma has to be assured. The low incidence of this entity and a plethora of different synonymous terms in the dermatopathologic literature often cause diagnostic problems and hamper the accurate comparative analysis of cases published previously. Herein, the authors propose defining criteria and a clearly defined morphological approach to contribute to more accurate dermatopathologic diagnoses and provide an unprecedented summary on this neoplastic entity.The American Journal of dermatopathology 12/2013; DOI:10.1097/DAD.0b013e318297cc34 · 1.43 Impact Factor
Article: Eccrine Spiradenoma in Knee[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Eccrine spiradenoma is an uncommon benign adnexal tumor of the eccrine sweat glands. Although it can occur at any age, it is most common in young adults without any sex predilection. Malignant transformation is rare, presenting as rapid increase in size of a long-standing lesion. Here, we report a case of eccrine spiradenoma in a 35-year-old man who presented with swelling over the right knee, with cytological atypia but no recurrence until date.Indian Journal of Dermatology 09/2014; 59(5):513-5. DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.139921