Article

Coronary-artery bypass surgery in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 04/2011; 364(17):1607-16. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1100356
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The role of coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure has not been clearly established.
Between July 2002 and May 2007, a total of 1212 patients with an ejection fraction of 35% or less and coronary artery disease amenable to CABG were randomly assigned to medical therapy alone (602 patients) or medical therapy plus CABG (610 patients). The primary outcome was the rate of death from any cause. Major secondary outcomes included the rates of death from cardiovascular causes and of death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes.
The primary outcome occurred in 244 patients (41%) in the medical-therapy group and 218 (36%) in the CABG group (hazard ratio with CABG, 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72 to 1.04; P=0.12). A total of 201 patients (33%) in the medical-therapy group and 168 (28%) in the CABG group died from an adjudicated cardiovascular cause (hazard ratio with CABG, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.66 to 1.00; P=0.05). Death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes occurred in 411 patients (68%) in the medical-therapy group and 351 (58%) in the CABG group (hazard ratio with CABG, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.85; P<0.001). By the end of the follow-up period (median, 56 months), 100 patients in the medical-therapy group (17%) underwent CABG, and 555 patients in the CABG group (91%) underwent CABG.
In this randomized trial, there was no significant difference between medical therapy alone and medical therapy plus CABG with respect to the primary end point of death from any cause. Patients assigned to CABG, as compared with those assigned to medical therapy alone, had lower rates of death from cardiovascular causes and of death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes. (Funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Abbott Laboratories; STICH ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00023595.).

2 Bookmarks
 · 
186 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: Systolic heart failure is the final manifestation of several cardiovascular conditions. The 2001 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines depicting the progression of heart failure (HF) from stage A through stage D are aimed at the early treatment of risk factors. However, treatment is often delayed until stage C, and as a result HF continues to impose a major burden on our healthcare industry. Methods: We conducted an extensive literature review of the MEDLINE/PubMed database with the purpose of elucidating knowledge gaps and misconceptions regarding systolic HF. Results: Long-term beta adrenergic blocking is the only pharmacologic intervention that reverses left ventricular remodeling. Whether beta adrenergic blocking prevents or delays left ventricular remodeling in patients at risk of HF is presently unknown. A knowledge gap also exists regarding the phenotype of patients that derives a mortality benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillator th
    Ochsner Journal 12/2014; 14(4):569-575. DOI:10.1043/1524-5012-14.4.569
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with coronary artery disease vary widely in terms of prognosis, which is mainly dependent on ventricular function. In relation to the major outcomes of death and myocardial infarction, it is not clear in the literature if an invasive strategy of myocardial revascularization is superior to a conservative strategy of optimized medical therapy. Moreover, with the exception of patients with left main coronary disease, this similarity in prognosis also occurs in different subgroups of patients.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The ESC is not responsible in the event of any contradiction, discrepancy and/or ambiguity between the ESC Guidelines and any other official recommendations or guidelines issued by the relevant public health authorities, in particular in relation to good use of healthcare or therapeutic strategies. Health professionals are encouraged to take the ESC Guidelines fully into account when exercising their clinical judgment as well as in the determination and the implementation of preventive, diagnostic or therapeutic medical strategies; however, the ESC Guidelines do not in any way whatsoever override the individual responsibility of health professionals to make appropriate and accurate decisions in consideration of each patient's health condition and, where appropriate and/or necessary, in consultation with that patient and the patient's care provider. Nor do the ESC Guidelines exempt health professionals from giving full and careful consideration to the relevant official, updated recommendations or guidelines issued by the competent public health authorities, in order to manage each patient's case in light of the scientifically accepted data pursuant to their respective ethical and professional obligations. It is also the health professional's responsibility to verify the applicable rules and regulations relating to drugs and medical devices at the time of prescription.
    Kardiologia polska 08/2014; 72(12):1253-379. DOI:10.5603/KP.2014.0224 · 0.52 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
99 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014