Article

Abuso sexual na infância e adolescência: perfil das vítimas e agressores em município do sul do Brasil

Texto & Contexto Enfermagem 01/2010; DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072010000200005
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este estudio descriptivo y trasversal tuvo como objetivo conocer las características del abuso sexual en niños y adolescentes, desde el nacimiento hasta los catorce años, de los casos registrados en los Consejos Tutelares y en programas de atención en la ciudad de Londrina-PR, en 2006. Los datos se recolectaron mediante un cuestionario y después se analizaron por la frecuencia (absoluta y relativa) y la proporción. De los 186 casos estudiados, las víctimas eran en su mayoría mujeres (74,2%), y el riesgo de incidencia fue mayor a la edad de 10 años en las niñas (coeficiente de 5 por 1.000); el (97,3%) de los autores eran hombres. La mayoría de los abusos ocurrieron en la residencia de las víctimas (52,7%) y duró menos de seis meses (57%). Hubo lesión corporal en 90,3% de las víctimas, con secuelas físicas y psicológicas en el 97,8%. El abuso sexual en niños y adolescentes se constituye en un problema de salud publica, además de la interfaz con las cuestiones policiales y judiciales.

0 Followers
 · 
162 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the difference in prevalence of substance use and sexual risk behaviors among at-risk youth participants in programs offered by community-based organizations in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, by gender and organization type (governmental vs. non-governmental). 388 adolescents were recruited from 25 intervention-based organizations servicing at-risk youth between the ages of 12 and 17 in Juiz de Fora. Participants completed a 15-item survey assessing substance use and sexual risk behaviors, along with socio-demographic predictors of these behaviors. Males were more likely to report drug and alcohol use associated with homelessness and abandonment. Females were more likely to report sexual risk taking associated with neighborhood crime. Participants from non-governmental organizations were less likely to engage in all measured risk behaviors. The present analysis points to the need to understand how Brazil's Child and Adolescent Act is being applied and the implications this has for intervention and the promotion of positive health outcomes for young people.
    Cadernos de Saúde Pública 04/2014; 30(4):794-804. DOI:10.1590/0102-311X00135712 · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this article, we draw on a qualitative case study undertaken in 2008 and 2009 of staff working at community-based organisations for at-risk youth in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, to examine staff members' perspectives of adolescent health-risk behaviours and resiliency. We use these data to explore how recent policy changes in Brazil have led to a shift in the ways in which adolescent risk taking is perceived by those working in youth services, and to suggest the influence that this has had on the way in which these entities promote resiliency among the population they serve. Specifically, we argue that Brazil's Child and Adolescent Act of 1990, a policy derived from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, has been instrumental in reframing for the community-based organisations the question of adolescent health-risk behaviours into a rights-based framework and has shifted the perceptions of those working at such organisations as to who a youth ‘at-risk’ is, why young people engage in risk taking and how best to promote resiliency. This work has implications for understanding both how risk and resiliency are constructed in different social and cultural contexts and how such concepts may change over time due to shifting socio-political climates.
    Health Risk & Society 06/2013; 15(4). DOI:10.1080/13698575.2013.796347 · 1.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The sexual violence against girls is a huge problem in the society. This study aims to understand the conceptions and beliefs about sexual abuse, family relationships and reactions of adolescents in a social vulnerability situation. The participants were 30 female adolescents, aged from 12 to 16 years old, from a social project in a city in a city of Rio Grande do Sul state. Data were collected through focal groups. The results show that the girls understand sexual abuse as a stressful event that is difficult to be handled. They mentioned shame, threats from the offender, dependence among family and perpetrator, lack of communication among parents and children and proximity between the mother and her partner as aspects present in this phenomenon. Specific policies, which act toward the families, both as a preventive point of view and dealing with sexual violence, are suggested and discussed.
    01/2011;

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from