An alternative treatment regimen of advanced seminoma with carboplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin instead of cisplatin-based therapy.

Department of Medical Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Urologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.36). 03/2011; DOI: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2010.10.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND:: Cisplatin-based therapy is associated with acute and late toxicities. Therefore, a potentially less toxic carboplatin-based regimen was evaluated in patients with advanced seminoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Eighteen patients with advanced seminoma were treated on outpatient basis with carboplatin (AUC5) at day 1, etoposide (100 mgm(-2)) at days 1-5, and bleomycin (30 IU) at day 2 (CEB). Treatment was 3-weekly for a total of 4 cycles. Outcome and toxicities were analyzed. RESULTS:: Median follow-up was 4 years and 7.5 months. Five-year progression-free survival was 86.6% (95% confidence interval (CI), 70.6%-100%), 5-year overall survival 100%, and 10-year overall survival 85% (95% CI, 63.3%-100%); 39% of all patients reached complete remission. Two patients underwent adjuvant treatment. Two patients relapsed; 1 is in ongoing remission 4 years after salvage therapy, the other died almost 6 years after CEB-therapy, despite multiple lines of salvage therapy. The main acute toxicity observed was hematologic. No late cardiovascular events or secondary malignancies were noted. CONCLUSION:: CEB treatment is effective in advanced seminoma, showing minor toxicity. Progression-free and overall survival rates at 5 and 10 years are comparable to those achieved with cisplatin-based therapy. This indicates that carboplatin-combination therapy might be a good alternative to cisplatin-based therapy in the treatment of advanced seminomas.

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