[Study on the correlation between polymorphisms of genes with susceptibility to tuberculosis and drug-resistant tuberculosis in Chinese Han population].
ABSTRACT To investigate the distribution of polymorphisms of SLC11A1 gene, VDR gene, MBL gene and IFNG gene with susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) in Chinese Han population suffering from drug-sensitive TB and drug-resistant TB so as to identify the correlation between gene polymorphisms and the development of drug-resistant TB.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of VDR gene, SLC11A1 gene, MBL gene, IFNG gene were typed and analyzed by pyrosequencing, Real-time Probe and SNaPshot among 229 patients with drug-sensitive TB and 230 patients with drug-resistant TB.
The polymorphic foci of VDR gene from the drug-sensitive TB group and the drug-resistant TB group showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). The genotype of INT4 site and allelic frequency of SLC11A1 gene for drug-sensitive TB group were significantly different from those for drug-resistant TB group (P = 0.031, 0.046). If recessive inheritance was assumed, the genotypes of INT4 site from the two groups were significantly different (OR = 5.756, 95%CI: 1.261 - 26.269, P = 0.011). Considering the relationship between OR values under various combination, our findings confirmed that the genetic mode of INT4 site was in accordance with recessive inheritance. The genotypes of Q/P site and allelic frequencies of MBL gene from drug-sensitive and drug-resistant groups were significantly different (P = 0.029, 0.033). The difference still existed under the hypothesis of recessive inheritance (OR = 9.290, 95%CI: 1.167 - 73.949, P = 0.011). The polymorphic foci of IFNG gene from the two groups showed no significant difference.
INT4 sites on SLC11A1 gene and Q/P site on MBL gene were probably associated with the development of drug-resistant TB in Chinese Han population. Further study on this issue would be helpful in locating the population at high risk of drug-resistant TB and exploring the effective intervention to decrease the incidence of this disease.
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ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have been done to explore the association between mannose-binding lectin two (MBL2) gene polymorphisms and the risk of tuberculosis (TB). However, the results are inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate whether polymorphisms in the MBL2 gene were associated with TB risk. Databases including PubMed, Medline, Chinese Biomedicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, and Weipu Database were searched to find relevant articles published up to 2 October, 2012. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to evaluate the strength of association. All statistical tests were performed by using Revman 5.1 software and STATA 11.0 software. Six case-control studies including 1106 cases and 1190 controls were accepted in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that individuals carrying the MBL2 codon 54 B allele may have an increased risk of TB as compared with AA homozygotes (BB+AB vs. AA: OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.22-1.88), whereas MBL2 +4 P/Q was possibly not associated with TB susceptibility in Chinese population.Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 04/2013; 33(2):166-171. DOI:10.1007/s11596-013-1091-1 · 0.83 Impact Factor