Colour Doppler ultrasound imaging findings in paediatric periocular and orbital haemangiomas
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the combined grey-scale ultrasonography (US) and colour Doppler imaging (CDI) as the first and primary imaging modalities in diagnosing paediatric orbital haemangiomas. Methods: The charts of 20 consecutive children with a periorbital mass echographically diagnosed as a haemangioma between January 2004 and June 2009 in the Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center were reviewed. Data on demographic details, clinical findings, US and CDI characteristics, treatment and outcome were retrieved. Results: Twelve (60%) haemangiomas were located on the upper eyelid, five in the lower eyelid (25%) and three in the medial cantus (15%). The tumour resolved completely in 10 children (50%) and in 10 children (50%) partial resolution was documented. Seven (35%) patients underwent treatment (intralesional or oral steroids or propranolol). Grey-scale US depicted a solid-tissue mass with low internal echogenicity. Mean haemangioma volume was 1.33 cm(3) . Colour Doppler imaging demonstrated intralesional flow with a mean peak systolic velocity of 15.2 cm per second and a mean resistance index of 0.51. All US and CDI examinations were carried out on alert children and no sedation or general anaesthesia was needed. During mean follow-up time of 23 months, no child required any additional imaging or diagnostic procedures to confirm the diagnosis. Conclusion: Combined US and CDI are suggested as the first imaging modalities in cases with a suspected diagnosis of periocular and orbital capillary haemangioma.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Oriel Spierer, May 31, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Imaging is a beneficial aid to the oculoplastic surgeon especially in orbital and lacrimal disorders when the pathology is not visible from outside. It is a powerful tool that may be benefited in not only diagnosis but also management and follow-up. The most common imaging modalities required are CT and MRI, with CT being more frequently ordered by oculoplastic surgeons. Improvements in technology enabled the acquisition times to shorten incredibly. Radiologists can now obtain images with superb resolution, and isolate the site and tissue of interest from other structures with special techniques. Better contrast agents and 3D imaging capabilities make complicated cases easier to identify. Color Doppler imaging is becoming more popular both for research and clinical purposes. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) added so much to the vascular system imaging recently. Although angiography is still the gold standard, new software and techniques rendered MRA as valuable as angiography in most circumstances. Stereotactic navigation, although in use for a long time, recently became the focus of interest for the oculoplastic surgeon especially in orbital decompressions. Improvements in radiology and nuclear medicine techniques of lacrimal drainage system imaging provided more detailed analysis of the system.Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 10/2012; 26(4):357-64. DOI:10.1016/j.sjopt.2012.08.005
International Ophthalmology Clinics 01/2014; 54(3):73-82. DOI:10.1097/IIO.0000000000000039
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ABSTRACT: Background To evaluate color Doppler imaging (CDI) as the primary imaging modality in the diagnosis of pediatric orbital capillary hemangioma. Methods This is a retrospective study of 36 consecutive cases of orbital capillary hemangiomas between January 2006 and July 2011. Data on demographic details, clinical findings, gray-scale ultrasonography, CDI characteristics, treatment, and follow-up period were reviewed. Results The mean age of onset was 7 weeks. Twenty-nine (81%) lesions presented as eyelid masses, whereas seven (19%) presented as exophthalmos. Nineteen (53%) tumors were located on the upper eyelid, seven (19%) on the lower eyelid, six (17%) in the medial canthus, and one on both upper and lower eyelids. Ultrasonography depicted a heterogeneous, well-defined, irregular tumor with a low or moderate echogenicity. All lesions presented with abundant color blood flow on CDI. The intralesional blood flow had a mean peak systolic velocity of 37.5 ± 24.5 cm/second, and a mean resistance index of 0.69 ± 0.16, representing a shift in the pulse Doppler toward high velocity and high resistance. After a single intratumoral injection of betamethasone, 18 cases (50%) resolved. Additionally, 15 (42%) and four (11%) cases resolved after two injections and three injections, respectively. Only three (8%) masses persisted after three injections within the follow-up period. Conclusion The blood flow characteristics of CDI play a vital role in the differentiation of orbital capillary hemangiomas from other orbital lesions. The availability and lack of adverse effects of CDI enable its utilization in the early clinical diagnosis of pediatric orbital capillary hemangioma.Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jcma.2014.02.009 · 0.89 Impact Factor