Inflammatory bowel disease characteristics in Hispanic children in Texas.
ABSTRACT Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has a wide spectrum and variability among different ethnic groups. We aimed to evaluate disease characteristics in the pediatric Hispanic population, which has not been well studied.
We identified patients <18 years old seen at Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) and diagnosed with IBD between 2004 and 2009. We compared them with their White, African American, and "other" counterparts with regard to their demographics, disease characteristics, and initial therapy.
There were a total of 399 patients with IBD: 211 (52.9%) White, 67 (16.8%) African American, 53 (13.3%) Hispanic, and 68 (17%) "other." Crohn's disease (CD) was the most common IBD type among all groups; however, Hispanics had the highest proportion of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and IBD-unclassified (IBD-U). There was male predominance in all groups except African Americans. Hispanics had the highest percentage of Medicaid coverage (P < 0.01) and none of the Hispanics had a first-degree relative with IBD. They had a younger age at diagnosis but a similar duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis. Hispanics had less failure to thrive and a higher body mass index (BMI) Z-score. Hispanics with CD more often received systemic steroids while those with UC and IBD-U were more often treated with local steroids (P < 0.01), oral 5-aminosalicylate (P < 0.01), and less often received immunomodulators or biologics (P = 0.05).
We demonstrate differences in disease characteristics between Hispanics and other ethnicities with IBD. Further epidemiologic studies are needed, including longer-term follow-up, to better define the burden of illness in Hispanics.
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ABSTRACT: Investigation of the small bowel has been traditionally a challenge for pediatric gastroenterologists due to its location, anatomical tortuosity, and invasiveness of the available techniques. Recently, there has been a remarkable improvement in imaging and endoscopic tools aimed at exploring successfully the small intestine in inflammatory bowel disease. The former are represented by ultrasonography (either alone or with administration of oral contrast agents) and by magnetic resonance: both have provided accurate methods to detect structural bowel changes, diminishing patient discomfort and precluding radiation hazard. The use of traditional radiologic techniques such as fluoroscopy have been markedly reduced due to radiation exposure and inability to depict transmural inflammation or extraluminal complications. Among the novel endoscopic tools, capsule endoscopy and balloon-assisted enteroscopy have tremendously opened new diagnostic and therapeutic perspectives, by allowing the direct visualization of small intestinal mucosa and, through enteroscopy, histological diagnosis as well as therapeutic interventions such as stricture dilation and bleeding treatment. These endoscopic techniques should always be preceded by imaging of the intestine in order to identify strictures. This review describes the most recent progress with the employment of novel imaging and endoscopic methodologies for investigating the small bowel in children with suspected or established Crohn's disease.Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 01/2012; 18(9):1760-76. · 4.86 Impact Factor