Sphenoid sinus pyocele after transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenoma.
ABSTRACT Transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma surgery is related to a low morbidity rate. The complications that can occur are classified as intra- and extracranial. The aim of the study is to discuss one group of these complications involving the sphenoid sinus: mucocele and its possible transformation into pyocele. We evaluate clinical presentation, management strategy and the outcome after long-term follow-up presenting an explicative case and a review of the literature. A patient presented to our outpatient clinic 8 months after transsphenoidal surgery for selective removal of a pituitary adenoma because of an acute onset of frontal headache during an airplane travel, fever and pulsating sensation in left eye and ear. MRI revealed a contrast-enhancing lesion in the left inferior portion of the sphenoid sinus. An endonasal endoscopic revision of the sphenoid sinus was performed. After opening of the scar to enter in the left sinus a pyocele was found and treated with drainage and marsupialisation. Development of sphenoid sinus pyocele is an extremely rare postoperative complication of transsphenoidal surgery. This lesion should be taken in consideration in patients presenting with retroorbital headache of acute onset and fever after pituitary surgery. Diagnosis can be suspected on the MRI studies and confirmed by a targeted flexible endoscope examination. Endoscopic drainage with wide opening of the sphenoid sinus and marsupialisation is the treatment of choice to avoid recurrences.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Over the last century, the transsphenoidal approach has evolved into the first-line method of treatment for sellar as well as select groups of parasellar and suprasellar lesions. The journey to its current popularity has been marked by controversy and near abandonment in the late 1920s, followed by its renaissance in the late 1960s. Despite the profound skepticism with which this procedure was viewed, several visionary neurosurgeons persevered through its nadir in popularity, preserving this surgical corridor to the skull base. Advances in medical and surgical techniques, paralleling an improved understanding of pituitary pathophysiology, contributed to its resurgence. The transsphenoidal procedures now performed stem from an array of modifications and refinements accumulated through nearly 100 years of medical and surgical evolution. This era's critical innovations and neurosurgical personalities are the topic of this historical overview.Neurosurgical FOCUS 05/2005; 18(4):e6. · 2.87 Impact Factor
Article: Intraoperative high-field magnetic resonance imaging in transsphenoidal surgery of hormonally inactive pituitary macroadenomas.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of intraoperative, high-field (1.5 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the results of transsphenoidal surgery of hormonally inactive pituitary macroadenomas. One hundred six patients (tumor size, 29.9 +/- 10.1 mm; minimum, 11.3 mm; maximum, 57.2 mm) with hormonally inactive pituitary macroadenoma were investigated by intraoperative high-field MRI during transsphenoidal surgery. If intraoperative imaging depicted an accessible tumor remnant, resection was continued. Among the 85 patients in whom complete tumor removal was intended preoperatively, intraoperative imaging revealed definite tumor remnants or suspicious findings in 36 (42%) patients. Imaging led to an extended resection in 29 (34%) patients of this group. Among them, resection could be completed in 21. This increased the rate of complete tumor removal from 58% (49 out of 85) to 82% (70 out of 85). In the group of patients with intended partial removal (n = 21), resection was extended in 38% (eight out of 21) because of intraoperative imaging. Comparison with scanning 3 months after surgery did not reveal any false-negative findings of intraoperative MRI; in six cases, intraoperative MRI was suspicious for some minor remnant that could not be reproduced in the postoperative control. The extent of resection in transsphenoidal surgery can be reliably assessed using intraoperative high-field MRI. In addition to the suprasellar compartment, intra- and parasellar structures are also visualized in great detail. Intraoperative imaging acts as an immediate intraoperative quality control, allowing one to not only increase the extent of resection, but to also increase the percentage of complete removals.Neurosurgery 08/2006; 59(1):105-14; discussion 105-14. · 2.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Only seven cases of a sphenoid mucocele occurring after transsphenoidal hypophysectomy have been previously reported in the world literature. In this article, we report a new case, which occurred in a 67-year-old man. The sphenoid sinus mucocele developed 12 years following transsphenoidal hypophysectomy and adjunctive radiotherapy. The patient was successfully managed with incision and drainage. Although transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is a common operation, this particular complication appears to be rare or at least under-reported. Sphenoid sinus mucocele deserves consideration in the differential diagnosis of a sphenoidal parasellar mass in a patient who has undergone an earlier transsphenoidal hypophysectomy.Ear, nose, & throat journal 01/2002; 80(12):886-8. · 0.66 Impact Factor