Mechanisms of viral infections associated with HIV: workshop 2B.
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA. Advances in dental research
04/2011; 23(1):130-6. DOI: 10.1177/0022034511400076
HIV infection is commonly associated with activation and dissemination of several other viral pathogens, including herpes simplex virus 1/2, human cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 8, Epstein-Barr virus, Varicella Zoster virus, and human papillomavirus, which behave as opportunistic agents and cause various diseases in immunocompromised hosts. The increased frequency and severity of diseases caused by these viruses in HIV-infected individuals is due mainly to dysfunction of both the adaptive and innate immune responses to viral pathogens. In addition, molecular interactions between HIV and these opportunistic viruses are likely to play critical roles in the progression of disease, including neoplasia. This report reviews the critical aspects of HIV interaction with opportunistic viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, human cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, Varicella Zoster virus, human herpesvirus 8, and human papillomavirus.
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