Predictability of the response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors via in vitro analysis of Bcr-Abl phosphorylation.
ABSTRACT It would be of great value to predict the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of individual CML patients. We propose an immunoblot system for detecting the phosphorylation of Crkl, a major target of Bcr-Abl, in blood samples after in vitro incubation with TKIs. When the remaining phosphorylated Crkl after treatment with imatinib was evaluated as the "residual index (RI)", high values were found in accordance with imatinib resistance. Moreover, RI reflected the outcome of imatinib- as well as second generation TKIs with a high sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, this system should be useful in the selection of TKIs.