PE-11, a peptide derived from chromogranin B, in the rat eye.
ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to investigate the presence and distribution of PE-11, a peptide derived from chromogranin B, in the rat eye. For this purpose, newborn rats were injected with a single dosage of 50mg/kg capsaicin subcutaneously under the neck fold and after three months, particular eye tissues were dissected and the concentration of PE-11-like immunoreactivity was determined by radioimmunoassay. Furthermore, PE-11-like immunoreactivities were characterized in an extract of the rat eye by reversed phase HPLC. Then, the distribution pattern of PE-11 was investigated in the rat eye and rat trigeminal ganglion by immunofluorescence. As a result, PE-11 was present in each tissue of the rat eye and capsaicin pretreatment led to a 88.05% (±7.07) and a 64.26% (±14.17) decrease of the levels of PE-11 in the cornea and choroid/sclera, respectively, and to a complete loss in the iris/ciliary body complex. Approximately 70% of immunoreactivities detected by the PE-11 antiserum have been found to represent authentic PE-11. Sparse nerve fibers were visualized in the corneal and uveal stroma, surrounding blood vessels at the limbus, ciliary body and choroid and in association with the dilator and sphincter muscle. Furthermore, immunoreactivity was present in the corneal endothelium. In the retina and optic nerve, glia was labeled. In the rat trigeminal ganglion, PE-11-immunoreactivity was visualized in small and medium sized ganglion cells with a diameter of up to 30μm. In conclusion, there is unequivocal evidence that PE-11 is a constituent of capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons innervating the rat eye and the distribution pattern is typically peptidergic in the peripheral innervation but in the retina completely atypical for neuropeptides and unique.
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ABSTRACT: The soluble proteins of bovine chromaffin granules can be resolved into about 40 proteins by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Use of several antisera enabled us to characterize most of these proteins with the immune replica technique. An antiserum against dopamine beta-hydroxylase reacted with one protein of Mr 75,000. Met-enkephalin antisera labeled eight proteins of Mr 23,000-14,000. A new method was developed to obtain highly purified chromogranin A for immunization. The antiserum reacted with chromogranin A and several smaller proteins of similar pI. This specific antiserum did not react with a second family of hitherto undescribed proteins, which we propose to call chromogranins B. An antiserum against these proteins was raised. It labeled several proteins ranging in Mr from 100,000 to 24,000 and focusing at pH 5.2. Subcellular fractionation established that chromogranins B are specifically localized in chromaffin granules of several species. They are secreted from the adrenal medulla during cholinergic stimulation. We conclude that apart from dopamine beta-hydroxylase chromaffin granules contain three families of immunologically unrelated proteins.Journal of Neurochemistry 07/1985; 44(6):1854-61. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report on the biochemical and immunological properties as well as on the cellular and subcellular distribution of two proteins, called secretogranins I and II. These proteins specifically occur in a wide variety of endocrine and neuronal cells that package and sort regulatory peptides into secretory granules. Both secretogranins take the same intracellular route as the peptides and are also sorted into secretory granules. Secretogranins I and II are biochemically and immunologically distinct proteins and differ from chromogranin A. Yet, these three proteins are similar to each other in many respects and therefore constitute one class of proteins. A remarkable feature of this protein class is a very acidic pI, brought about by a high content of acidic amino acids as well as by phosphorylation on serine and sulfation on tyrosine and O-linked carbohydrate. As a result, this class of proteins has a high net negative charge even at the acidic pH of the trans Golgi cisternae. We discuss the possibility that this property of the proteins may point to a role in the packaging of regulatory peptides into secretory granules.The Journal of Cell Biology 12/1985; 101(5 Pt 1):1999-2011. · 10.82 Impact Factor
- Nature 08/1967; 215(5096):58-9. · 38.60 Impact Factor