Telaah Metafora dalam Kumpulan Puisi Karya D. Zawawi Imron
Poem is one of literary genre which was solid with meaning all words, phrase, even sound, the meaning have close relation and huge influence in poem contain. Metaphor is one of poem’s element. Metaphor is usage of words or group of words not with the real meaning. The research was done to find objective description. The problem of this research was how the metaphor description in poem collection by D. Zawawi Imron. The research used qualitative descriptive method since the data consisted of words, phrase, or sentences showed metaphor in poem text. The data sourced from poem collection titled “Kelenjar Laut” (Sea Gland) by D. Zawawi Imron. Data collection firstly grouped into metaphor kind, analyzed to be described and interpreted which influenced the creation of the metaphor. The data collected by documentation technique. From data analysis there found conclusion: (a) there were three kinds of metaphor used by D. Zawawi Imron, they were nominative metaphor, predicative metaphor, and sentence metaphor. In creating the metaphor, the poet used various symbol like noun symbol in words “until when the birds” and nuance symbol like “at last I whisper to the night”, (b) all words has analogical meaning, and none of the sentences used as direct meaning by sentences metaphor. (c) metaphor meaning used by the poet describing hope and powerful expectation in running life, although full with happiness and sorrow, is the main subject told in this poem. Beside, the poet also used another category influenced the poet perception was cosmos category like usage of moon word which could be compared with word: woman, sun has passionate life meaning; living category like the usage of dried leaves words, and flower; animate category like in word birds and cuttle; also terrestrial category like in words sea and estuary
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