[Lymphocytic meningitis in Bamako, Mali].
ABSTRACT We conducted a prospective survey from January 2001 to March 2002. Our objective was to study etiologic, clinic, and prognostic aspect of lymphocytic meningitis in hospital of Point G to Bamako. We included 35 patients with 25 male (71. 4%) and 10 female (28. 6%), sex - ratio (M / F) equal 2. 5. The median age was of 35 ± 25.4 years (range, 16 - 66 years). HIV serology was positive 26 cases (83. 9%). Clinical presentations were different. We observed 15 cases of encephalitis, 12 cases of meningoencephalitis, 2 cases of meningitis and 6 cases of febrile syndrome. Mean duration of hospitalization was 32. 6 ± 68 days. Mean of lymphocyte was 85.3 ± 25.9% among leukocytes in cerebrospinal fluid of 31 patients. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) identified in 9 cases Cryptococcocus neoformans. In 16 cases etiology was determination based on indirect arguments. In 9 cases viral meningoencephalitis diagnosis was made by exodiagnosis. It concerned 2 cases of TB meningitis, 1 case of cerebral toxoplasmosis, 1 case of decapitate bacterial meningitis and 1 case of cerebral tumor. Malaria thick smear permits to diagnosticate 1 case of cerebral malaria and 1 case of uncomplicated malaria. There are still 10 cases in which the cause remained unknown during study. HIV infection provides principally lymphocytic meningitis. Co morbidity with HIV is associated to lethality at 75%. But no statistical difference with patients without HIV (p = 0.52). Our work puts in exergue all problematic and hold correct of lymphocytic meningitis in our country.