Case series: Diffusion weighted MRI appearance in prostatic abscess.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
The Indian journal of radiology and imaging 01/2011; 21(1):46-8. DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.76054
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT DIFFUSION: weighted MRI (DWI) is a novel technique that analyzes the diffusion of water molecules in vivo. DWI has been used extensively in the central nervous system. Its use in body imaging is on the rise. In the prostate, it has been used in the evaluation of prostatic carcinoma. We present DWI findings in two patients of prostatic abscess.

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    ABSTRACT: The safety and efficacy of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided aspiration of prostatic abscess (PA) is known. The objective of this study is to describe a treatment algorithm for management of PA with TRUS-guided aspiration, emphasizing on indications and factors predicting the treatment outcome. After the institutional review board approval was obtained, a retrospective study was done of all patients suspected with PA on digital rectal examination (DRE) and confirmed on TRUS. An 18-gauge two-part needle was used for aspiration. The real-time TRUS-guided aspiration of PA was done in the longitudinal axis. The aspiration of pus and the sequential collapse of cavity was seen "real time." A suprapubic catheter was placed, if the patient had urinary retention, persistent dysuria, and/or severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Success was defined as complete resolution of the abscess and/or symptoms. Forty-eight patients were studied with PA, with a mean age of 54.6 ± 14.6 (range 26-79) years. The DRE diagnosed PA in 22 (45.83%) patients, while abdominal sonography diagnosed PA in 13 (27.08%) patients. TRUS revealed a hypoechoic area with internal echoes in all 48 (100%) patients. The diagnosis was confirmed in all 48 cases with aspiration. The mean size of the lesion was 3.2 ± 1.2 (range 1.5-8) cm. Mean volume aspirated was 10.2 ml (range 2.5-30 ml). Complete resolution after first aspiration was observed in 20 (41.66%) patients. An average of 4.1 (range 1-7) aspirations was required for complete resolution which was seen in 41 patients (85.42%). Seven (14.58%) patients required transurethral resection (deroofing) of the abscess cavity. We formulated a treatment algorithm based on the above findings. The proposed algorithm based on our experience suggests that patients with PA larger than 2 cm with severe LUTS and/or leukocytosis benefit from TRUS-guided aspiration. In addition, these patients are benefitted from urinary drainage (either perurethral or suprapubic). The algorithm also suggests that if two attempts of TRUS aspiration fail, these patients benefit from transurethral drainage.
    Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 01/2013; 23(3):253-257.
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    ABSTRACT: Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is helpful for detection of brain abscess and pelvic abscess in adults. In the present study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of DWI in children and young adults with abdominal and soft tissue abscess formations. Seventeen patients (11 females, aged 13 ± 6 years) with suspected abdominal or soft-tissue abscess underwent routine MRI including free-breathing DWI and contrast-enhanced T1w imaging. Seventeen random age-matched patients with non-purulent abdominal fluid collections served as controls. Mean apparent diffusion coefficent (ADC) was measured for abscess, muscle, liver, spleen and kidney tissue as well as for cerebrospinal fluid, urine and free abdominal fluid. All fluid collections were identified on diffusion-weighted images. Thirteen of 14 confirmed abscess formations showed an ADC < 1.0 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s with a mean value of 0.80 ± 0.38 mm(2)/s. One tuberculous soft-tissue abscess had a higher ADC of 1.85 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s. Ring enhancement on T1w imaging was seen in three non-purulent fluid collections. There were no false-positive findings in the control group. Diffusion-weighted MRI is highly sensitive for abscess and may add specificity to contrast-enhanced T1w imaging of ring-enhancing fluid collections. DWI with free-breathing rapid image acquisition and without the need of intravenous contrast application constitutes a particularly useful choice in pediatric imaging.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 08/2012; 8(3):229-34. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostatic abscess is an uncommon urologic disease but has a high mortality rate if not treated properly. Furthermore, diagnosis and proper treatment of prostatic abscesses remains a challenge for physicians. Therefore, we compared data on conservative treatments, transurethral resection of prostatic abscess, and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle aspiration in 52 cases over a 10-year period. The records of 52 patients diagnosed with prostatic abscess by computed tomography at Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2000 and September 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were discharged when their leukocytosis had normalized and they had been free of fever for 2 days. Multivariate regression analysis was done to determine independent risk factors for the length of hospitalization. At the time of diagnosis, the average age of the 52 patients was 61.3 years (range, 33 to 81 years), the average volume of the prostate was 56.3 ml (range, 21 to 223 ml), the average prostate-specific antigen was 18.54 ng/ml (range, 2.0 to 57.0 ng/ml), and the average abscess size was 3.8 cm (range, 2.1 to 5.5 cm). All patients were treated with parenteral antibiotics during their hospital stay with intravenous antibiotics (fluoroquinolone monotherapy or 3rd-generation cephalosporin in combination with an aminoglycoside). Of 52 patients, 22 had diabetes mellitus (42.3%), 19 had hypertension (36.5%), and 7 (13.5%) had paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. The most common symptoms were fever (47, 90.4%), perineal discomfort (43, 82.7%), dysuria (40, 76.9%), and urinary retention (29, 55.8%). Prostatic abscesses were treated by conservative treatment (11 cases), transurethral resection of prostatic abscess (23 cases), and TRUS-guided needle aspiration (18 cases). The average hospitalization stay was 17.5 days (range, 6 to 39 days); that of conservative treatment patients was 19.1 days (range, 9 to 39 days). Patients treated by transurethral resection of prostatic abscess and TRUS-guided needle aspiration stayed 10.2 days (range, 6 to 15 days) and 23.25 days (range, 18 to 34 days), respectively. Of the 18 cases who underwent needle aspiration, prostatic abscesses recurred in 4 cases (22.2%) within 1 month after patient discharge. The 2 patients subjected to conservative treatment died due to sepsis. We found no independent factors that affected the average hospitalization period. Patients with prostatic abscess treated by transurethral resection of the prostate had a significantly shorter hospitalization length compared with needle aspiration.
    Korean journal of urology 12/2012; 53(12):860-4.