Case series: Diffusion weighted MRI appearance in prostatic abscess.
ABSTRACT DIFFUSION: weighted MRI (DWI) is a novel technique that analyzes the diffusion of water molecules in vivo. DWI has been used extensively in the central nervous system. Its use in body imaging is on the rise. In the prostate, it has been used in the evaluation of prostatic carcinoma. We present DWI findings in two patients of prostatic abscess.
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ABSTRACT: Our purpose was to use whole brain echo planar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify and characterize diffusion abnormalities in acute cerebral ischemia. We studied 40 patients as early as 3 hours after onset of signs and symptoms of cerebral ischemia. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of the entire brain could be completed in 3 seconds or, using seven different diffusion sensitivities (maximum b = 1,271 sec/mm2), in 48 seconds. Measurements and synthetic maps were made of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC), a physiological parameter that characterizes the self-diffusion of water in tissue. Early ischemic lesions were identified with DWI as hyperintense regions of decreased ADC in all patients who subsequently developed infarction, before changes were evident on conventional MRI in cases studied earlier than 6 hours after onset of ischemic symptoms. Lesions as small as 4 mm in diameter were identified. The extent of lesions within white matter was best defined by controlling for the anisotropic effect of axonal orientation. The mean ADC (+/- SD) for control regions in the 36 patients was 9.15 (+/- 2.91) x 10(-4) mm2/sec. Mean ADC of ischemic regions was 56% of control values at 6 hours or less and stayed significantly reduced for 3 to 4 days after onset of ischemia. The relative ADC increased progressively over time to be pseudonormalized at 5 to 10 days and elevated in the chronic state, making the distinction of acute lesions adjacent to chronic infarcts readily apparent. DWI with echo planar imaging measures a unique physiological parameter that is sensitive to ischemic changes before conventional MRI. Its potential role in the quantitative study of human stroke pathophysiology and therapeutics is the subject of further investigation.Annals of Neurology 03/1995; 37(2):231-41. · 11.19 Impact Factor
- British Journal of Urology 01/1969; 40(6):736-9.
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ABSTRACT: To determine if the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can discriminate benign from malignant peripheral zone (PZ) tissue in patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer that have undergone endorectal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of the prostate. Ten patients with prostate cancer underwent endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in addition to DWI. A two-dimensional grid was placed over the axial images, and each voxel was graded by a 4-point rating scale to discriminate nonmalignant from malignant PZ tissue based on MR images alone. ADC was then determined for each voxel and plotted for nonmalignant and malignant voxels for the entire patient set. Second, with the radiologist aware of biopsy locations, any previously assigned voxel grade that was inconsistent with biopsy data was regrouped and ADCs were replotted. For the entire patient set, without and with knowledge of the biopsy data, the mean ADCs for nonmalignant and malignant tissue were 1.61 +/- 0.27 and 1.34 +/- 0.38 x 10(-3) mm2/second (P = 0.002) and 1.61 +/- 0.26 and 1.27 +/- 0.37 x 10(-3) mm2/second (P = 0.0005), respectively. DWI of the prostate is possible with an endorectal coil. The mean ADC for malignant PZ tissue is less than nonmalignant tissue, although there is overlap in individual values.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2004; 20(4):654-61. · 2.57 Impact Factor