Case series: Diffusion weighted MRI appearance in prostatic abscess.
ABSTRACT DIFFUSION: weighted MRI (DWI) is a novel technique that analyzes the diffusion of water molecules in vivo. DWI has been used extensively in the central nervous system. Its use in body imaging is on the rise. In the prostate, it has been used in the evaluation of prostatic carcinoma. We present DWI findings in two patients of prostatic abscess.
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ABSTRACT: Prostatic abscess is an uncommon urologic disease but has a high mortality rate if not treated properly. Furthermore, diagnosis and proper treatment of prostatic abscesses remains a challenge for physicians. Therefore, we compared data on conservative treatments, transurethral resection of prostatic abscess, and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle aspiration in 52 cases over a 10-year period. The records of 52 patients diagnosed with prostatic abscess by computed tomography at Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2000 and September 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were discharged when their leukocytosis had normalized and they had been free of fever for 2 days. Multivariate regression analysis was done to determine independent risk factors for the length of hospitalization. At the time of diagnosis, the average age of the 52 patients was 61.3 years (range, 33 to 81 years), the average volume of the prostate was 56.3 ml (range, 21 to 223 ml), the average prostate-specific antigen was 18.54 ng/ml (range, 2.0 to 57.0 ng/ml), and the average abscess size was 3.8 cm (range, 2.1 to 5.5 cm). All patients were treated with parenteral antibiotics during their hospital stay with intravenous antibiotics (fluoroquinolone monotherapy or 3rd-generation cephalosporin in combination with an aminoglycoside). Of 52 patients, 22 had diabetes mellitus (42.3%), 19 had hypertension (36.5%), and 7 (13.5%) had paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. The most common symptoms were fever (47, 90.4%), perineal discomfort (43, 82.7%), dysuria (40, 76.9%), and urinary retention (29, 55.8%). Prostatic abscesses were treated by conservative treatment (11 cases), transurethral resection of prostatic abscess (23 cases), and TRUS-guided needle aspiration (18 cases). The average hospitalization stay was 17.5 days (range, 6 to 39 days); that of conservative treatment patients was 19.1 days (range, 9 to 39 days). Patients treated by transurethral resection of prostatic abscess and TRUS-guided needle aspiration stayed 10.2 days (range, 6 to 15 days) and 23.25 days (range, 18 to 34 days), respectively. Of the 18 cases who underwent needle aspiration, prostatic abscesses recurred in 4 cases (22.2%) within 1 month after patient discharge. The 2 patients subjected to conservative treatment died due to sepsis. We found no independent factors that affected the average hospitalization period. Patients with prostatic abscess treated by transurethral resection of the prostate had a significantly shorter hospitalization length compared with needle aspiration.Korean journal of urology 12/2012; 53(12):860-4.
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ABSTRACT: The authors report the diffusion and contrast-enhanced MRI appearance of five cases of granulomatous prostatitis (GP), non-specific (two cases) and infectious post-Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy (three cases, with a tubercular abscess in two of them). All patients had raising PSA levels and abnormal DRE. History of BCG therapy or acute prostatitis was present in four patients. Multiparametric MRI (T2W-MRI, DW-MRI and DCE-MRI) was performed before biopsies. Diagnosis was confirmed by TRUS-guided biopsies in four cases and by transurethral resection in one case. MRI showed a tumor-like appearance in three cases, an abscess-like appearance in one case and a combined tumor/abscess-like appearance in one case. Extraprostatic fat was infiltrated in three patients, simulating T3a disease. Histologically, caseous necrosis was found when MRI showed abcedation. Demonstration of occult tubercular abscesses in post-BCG GP may have therapeutic implications and MRI is useful prior to surgical or interventional drainage of large caseous abscesses.Diagnostic and interventional imaging. 10/2012;
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ABSTRACT: To explore the role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the discrimination of brain abscess from other ring-enhancing brain lesions through meta-analysis.Clinical radiology. 06/2014;