Role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
ABSTRACT AIM: To determine the clinical value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the diagnosis of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC) by comparing the diagnostic sensitivity of DWI and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP).METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging examination was performed in 56 patients with suspected EHCC. T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, MRCP and DWI sequence, DWI using single-shot spin-echo echo-planar imaging sequence with different b values (100, 300, 500, 800 and 1000 s/mm2), were performed. All cases were further confirmed by surgery or histopathological diagnosis. Two radiologists jointly performed the analysis of the DWI and MRCP images. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and signal-noise ratio were calculated for EHCC. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were tested using DWI with a b value of 500 s/mm2 and MRCP images, respectively.RESULTS: Histopathological diagnosis confirmed that among the 56 cases, 35 were EHCC (20 hilar and 15 distal extrahepatic), 16 were cholangitis, and 5 were calculus of bile duct. Thirty-three out of the 35 EHCC cases were detected by DWI. EHCC exhibited differential levels of high signal intensity in DWI and low signal intensity in the ADC map. The mean value for ADC was (1.31 ± 0.29) × 10-3 mm2/s. The detection rate of EHCC was significantly higher by DWI (94.3%) than by MRCP (74.3%) (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference in sensitivity (94.3% vs 74.3%), specificity (100% vs 71.4%), accuracy (96.4% vs 73.2%), positive predictive value (100% vs 81.3%), and negative predictive value (91.3% vs 62.5%) between DWI and MRCP in diagnosing EHCC.CONCLUSION: DWI has a high sensitivity for the detection of EHCC as it shows the EHCC lesion more unambiguously than MRCP does. DWI can also provide additional clinically important information in EHCC patients when added to routine bile duct MR imaging protocols.
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ABSTRACT: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) plays an emerging role for the assessment of focal and diffuse liver diseases. This growing interest is due to that fact that DWI is a noncontrast technique with inherent high contrast resolution, with promising results for detection and characterization of focal liver lesions. Recent advances in diffusion image quality have also added interest to this technique in the abdomen. The purpose of this review is to describe the current clinical roles of DWI for the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions, and to review pitfalls, limitations, and future directions of DWI for assessment of focal liver disease. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;37:1260-1276. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 06/2013; 37(6):1260-1276. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate the added value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in differentiating benign from malignant extrahepatic biliary strictures. Methods Magnetic resonance examination including, T2-weighted imaging, MRCP and DWI using different b-values (0,500,800 s/mm2) were performed in 38 patients with suspicious extrahepatic biliary strictures. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value was calculated. The signal intensity of the lesions on DWI using b = 500 and 800 s/mm2 was examined. Analysis of the DWI and MRCP images for the cause of the extrahepatic biliary stricutre was performed. Patients were further confirmed by histopathological diagnosis and follow up. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive and negative predictive values were calculated for both the MRCP images and DWI. Results Of the 38 cases, 23 cases had malignant extrahepatic biliary strictures and 15 had benign strictures. DWI detected 21 out of the 23 malignant biliary strictures and 14 out of 15 benign biliary strictures. Malignant strictures more frequently appeared hyperintense than benign strictures on DWI using b-values of 500 and 800 s/mm2. There was a significant difference in sensitivity (91.3% vs. 73%), specificity (93.3% vs. 64.7%), accuracy (92.1% vs. 73.6%), positive predictive value (95.4% vs. 81%), and negative predictive value (87.5% vs. 64.7%) between DWI and MRCP in differentiating biliary strictures. Conclusion Combined evaluation using DWI added to MRCP improves the differentiation of malignant from benign extrahepatic biliary strictures.The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. 01/2013; 44(4):719–726.