Article

Influence of immunogenicity on the efficacy of long-term treatment with infliximab in rheumatoid arthritis

Immunology Unit, Hospital La Paz, Paseo de La Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain.
Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (Impact Factor: 4.44). 03/2011; 50(8):1445-52. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/ker124
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To analyse the clinical relevance of the production of anti-infliximab antibodies (anti-infliximab Abs) in patients with RA undergoing infliximab treatment over a prolonged period of time.
Clinical characteristics, serum trough infliximab and antibody levels were evaluated in 85 RA patients treated with infliximab for a median of 4.42 (interval 0.4-10.2) years. DAS in 28 joints (DAS-28), EULAR response criteria and survival of treatment were assessed at 3 time points (6 months, 12 months and >4 years).
Antibodies against infliximab were detected in 28 (32.9%) patients and were present in all EULAR non-responder patients. Antibody levels were higher in EULAR non-responders throughout the study period (P = 0.05 at 6 months, P = 0.02 at 1 year, P = 0.003 at >4 years) compared with EULAR (good and moderate) responders. Nine (10.5%) patients, all of them with high-serum anti-infliximab Ab levels, developed infusion-related reactions. Patients with anti-infliximab Abs more often required increased infliximab doses (51.7%) (P = 0.032) and median survival time on treatment was shorter (4.15 vs 8.89 years) (P = 0.0006). MTX co-therapy was not associated with lower proportion of anti-infliximab Ab-positive patients, but those receiving both infliximab and MTX had lower levels of anti-infliximab Abs (P = 0.073) and longer survival (P = 0.015) on treatment.
The formation of anti-infliximab Abs during treatment with infliximab is associated with a loss of clinical response, the appearance of infusion reactions and discontinuation of treatment.

1 Bookmark
 · 
256 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective. To investigate if antibodies towards biological TNF-α inhibitors (anti-TNFi Abs) are present in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission and to relate any anti-TNFi Abs to circulating level of TNF-α inhibitor (TNFi). Methods. Patients with RA, treated with infliximab or adalimumab, and in clinical remission (DAS28(CRP) < 2.6) were included from 6 out-patient clinics. In blood samples, presence of anti-TNFi Abs was determined by radioimmunoassay, and concentration of bioactive TNFi was measured by a cell-based reporter gene assay. Results. Anti-TNFi Abs were present in 8/44 patients (18%) treated with infliximab and 1/49 patients (2%) treated with adalimumab (p = 0.012). In the former group, anti-TNFi Abs corresponded with low levels of TNFi (p = 0.048). Anti-TNFi Ab-positive patients had shorter disease duration at initiation of TNFi therapy (p = 0.023) but were similar for the rest of the compared parameters. Conclusions. In RA patients in clinical remission, anti-TNFi Abs occur frequently in patients treated with infliximab, while they occur rarely in patients treated with adalimumab. Presence of anti-infliximab Abs is accompanied by low or undetectable levels of infliximab. These data suggest that continued infliximab treatment may be redundant in a proportion of RA patients treated with infliximab and in clinical remission.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immunogenicity of biological agents leads to the development of antidrug antibodies (ADA) and it may be associated to hypersensitivity reactions. Immediate infusion reactions occur during or within 1 h after infusion, and their clinical manifestations vary considerably, ranging from mild to severe and life-threatening. Recent studies show that different mechanisms sustain hypersensitivity reactions toward biologics, and the application of novel methods for detecting ADA has demonstrated the involvement of specific IgE isotypes. Considering the severity of the reactions, it is important for clinicians to recognize their symptoms, to know their pathophysiological mechanisms, and to take risk assessment and prophylactic procedures. This review summarizes the clinical manifestations of antibody and nonantibody-mediated reactions as well as the humoral and cellular mechanisms of antidrug responses. Last, the management of patients at risk is discussed. The definition of diagnostic and prophylactic strategies represents an unavoidable need in the management of potentially reactive patients to improve the safety profile of biologics.
    Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research 12/2014; 34(12):946-952. DOI:10.1089/jir.2012.0139 · 3.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human immune system involves highly complex and coordinated processes in which small proteins named cytokines play a key role. Cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Cytokines are therefore attractive therapeutic targets in these conditions. Anticytokine therapy for inflammatory diseases became a clinical reality with the introduction of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors for the treatment of severe rheumatoid arthritis. Although these therapies have transformed the treatment of patients with severe inflammatory arthritis, there remain significant limiting factors: treatment failure is commonly seen in the clinic; safety concerns remain; there is uncertainty regarding the relevance of immunogenicity; the absence of biomarkers to direct therapy decisions and high drug costs limit availability in some healthcare systems. In this article, we provide an overview of the key efficacy and safety trials for currently approved treatments in rheumatoid arthritis and review the major lessons learned from a decade of use in clinical practice, focusing mainly on anti-TNF and anti-interleukin (IL)-6 agents. We also describe the clinical application of anticytokine therapies for other inflammatory diseases, particularly within the spondyloarthritis spectrum, and highlight differential responses across diseases. Finally, we report on the current state of trials for newer therapeutic targets, focusing mainly on the IL-17 and IL-23 pathways. Copyright © 2015 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
    Pharmacological reviews 04/2015; 67(2):280-309. DOI:10.1124/pr.114.009639 · 18.55 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
29 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014