The role of pretransplant dialysis modality on renal allograft outcome.
ABSTRACT The pretransplant dialysis modality might influence renal allograft and patient survival after transplantation. Studies published to date yielded conflicting results.
Deceased-donor allograft recipients reported to the 'Collaborative Transplant Study' were analysed, using multivariate Cox regression analysis, considering potential confounders which included pretransplant patient cardiovascular risk evaluation as well as immunological and treatment parameters. Primary end points were all-cause graft survival, death-censored graft survival and patient survival.
In total, 60,008 recipients were analysed. Patients who were on peritoneal dialysis (PD) (n = 11,664) prior to transplantation demonstrated a 10% lower all-cause mortality (P = 0.014) but similar death-censored graft survival (P = 0.39) as recipients treated with haemodialysis (n = 45,651). This lower all-cause mortality in PD patients was primarily a consequence of a significantly lower rate of cardiovascular death with a functioning graft (P < 0.013) in a subcohort of patients defined as at increased risk.
Pretransplant dialysis modality per se has no significant impact on allograft outcome. Superior all-cause survival of PD patients is primarily due to a lower rate of cardiovascular death in a subcohort of high-risk recipients. This might explain the conflicting results published to date.
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ABSTRACT: Residual renal function (RRF) in end-stage renal disease is clinically important as it contributes to adequacy of dialysis, quality of life, and mortality. This study was conducted to determine the predictors of RRF loss in a national random sample of patients initiating hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The study controlled for baseline variables and included major predictors. The end point was loss of RRF, defined as a urine volume <200 ml/24 h at approximately 1 yr of follow-up. The adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and P values associated with each of the demographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment parameters were estimated using an "adjusted" univariate analysis. Significant variables (P < 0.05) were included in a multivariate logistic regression model. Predictors of RRF loss were female gender (AOR = 1.45; P < 0.001), non-white race (AOR = 1.57; P = <0.001), prior history of diabetes (AOR = 1.82; P = 0.006), prior history of congestive heart failure (AOR = 1.32; P = 0.03), and time to follow-up (AOR = 1.06 per month; P = 0.03). Patients treated with peritoneal dialysis had a 65% lower risk of RRF loss than those on hemodialysis (AOR = 0.35; P < 0.001). Higher serum calcium (AOR = 0.81 per mg/dl; P = 0.05), use of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (AOR = 0.68; P < 0.001). and use of a calcium channel blocker (AOR = 0.77; P = 0.01) were independently associated with decreased risk of RRF loss. The observations of demographic groups at risk and potentially modifiable factors and therapies have generated testable hypotheses regarding therapies that may preserve RRF among end-stage renal disease patients.Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 03/2000; 11(3):556-64. · 8.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effect of pretransplantation renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality on allograft and recipient survival outcome is not well understood. We studied allograft and recipient survival by using US Renal Data System records from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1999, with a follow-up period through December 31, 2000 (n = 92,844; 60% males; 70% white; 23% black). Pretransplantation and predominant RRT modality during the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) period and number and specific combinations of RRT modalities were evaluated. Compared with hemodialysis (HD), a Cox model showed that peritoneal dialysis (PD) immediately before transplantation predicts a 3% lower risk for graft failure (P < 0.05) and 6% lower risk for recipient death (P < 0.001). When predominant RRT modality was analyzed (modality used for > 50% of the ESRD time), PD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.97; P < 0.05) had a protective effect for graft survival compared with HD. Better recipient survival also was associated with PD (HR, 0.96; P < 0.05). Increased number of RRT modalities during the ESRD course was associated with increased risk for graft failure (HR, 1.04 per additional modality used; P < 0.005) and recipient death (HR, 1.11 per additional modality used; P < 0.001). Any combination or any single modality (except for PD + HD for graft survival and PD + HD and PD + HD + transplantation for recipient survival) had protective effects on graft and recipient survival compared with HD. Our results suggest that compared with PD, HD as an RRT modality immediately before transplantation or as a predominant RRT modality during the ESRD course, used alone or in combination with other RRT modalities, is associated with increased risks for graft failure and recipient death. Increased number of RRT modalities used during the ESRD course is associated with worsening of graft and recipient survival.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 09/2005; 46(3):537-49. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In a case-control study performed in two centers, the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF), defined as the necessity to perform dialysis after transplantation, was analyzed according to prior treatment with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD; n = 117) or hemodialysis (HD; n = 117). The patients were matched for age, sex, HLA compatibility, and cold ischemia time. The patients were followed up for 6 months to monitor renal graft function (serum creatinine [Screa] level immediately after transplantation, at 6 weeks, at 6 months) and postoperative complications. No significant differences were found in the warm ischemia time of the graft or previous time on dialysis. DGF occurred in 27 CAPD patients (23.1%) and 59 HD patients (50.4%; P < 0.0001). The decline in Screa level after transplantation was faster in CAPD patients: the time for Screa level to decrease 50% after transplantation (T1/2Screa) was reached after 5.0 +/- 6.6 days in the CAPD group compared with 9.8 +/- 11.5 days in the HD group (P < 0.0001). A greater number of patients developed acute rejection episodes in the CAPD group (P < 0. 05), but Screa level was not different in the two groups 6 weeks and 6 months after transplantation. No differences were observed in infectious or surgical complications. This study shows that immediate renal function after transplantation is better in CAPD patients and that peritoneal dialysis should be considered as a first choice for pretransplantation therapeutic modality.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 05/1999; 33(5):934-40. · 5.29 Impact Factor