Variation in preoperative and intraoperative care for first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative.
ABSTRACT As the first multicenter quality improvement collaborative in pediatric cardiology, the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry collects information on the clinical care and outcomes of infants discharged home after first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease, the Norwood operation, and variants. We sought to describe the preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of the first 100 patients enrolled in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry.
From 21 contributing centers, 59% of infants were male, with median birth weight of 3.1 kg (1.9-5.0 kg); the majority had hypoplastic left heart syndrome (71%). A prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease was made in 75%; only one had fetal cardiac intervention. Chromosomal anomalies were present in 8%, and major noncardiac organ system anomalies were present in 9%. Preoperative risk factors were common (55%) but less frequent in those with prenatal cardiac diagnosis (P= .001). Four patients underwent a preoperative transcatheter intervention. Substantial variation across participating sites was demonstrated for choice of initial palliation for the 93 patients requiring a full first-stage approach, with 50% of sites performing stage I with right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as the preferred operation; 89% of hybrid procedures were performed at a single center. Significant intraoperative variation by site was noted for the 83 patients who underwent traditional surgical stage I palliation, particularly with use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia.
In summary, there is substantial variation across surgical centers in the successful initial palliation of infants with single-ventricle heart disease, particularly with regard to choice of palliation strategy, and intraoperative techniques including use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia. Further exploration of the relationship of such variables to subsequent outcomes after hospital discharge may help reduce variability and improve long-term outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE.: Infants with single ventricle physiology have a high mortality and poor somatic growth during the interstage period. We retrospectively assessed the impact of pharmacotherapy in this population using a multicenter database. DESIGN AND RESULTS.: Records for 395 patients (63.5% boys) with single ventricle were obtained from the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry. Median of five medications were prescribed per patient at discharge after stage 1 palliation (interquartile range 3 to 6); the most common medications being aspirin (95.7%), diuretics (90.4%), angiotensin convertase enzyme inhibitors (37.7%), proton pump inhibitors (33.4%), H2 receptor blockers (30.6%), and digoxin (27.6%). Interstage mortality was 9.4%. Digoxin use was associated with lower risk of death (P =.03) on univariable analysis, however no single medication was an independent predictor on regression analysis. Change in weight-for-age z-score was studied as outcome of somatic growth with 36.3% patients showing a decrease during the interstage period. Total number of medications prescribed to a patient showed a negative correlation with the interstage change in z-score (r = -0.19, P =.002). On univariable comparisons, use of metoclopramide and lansoprazole were associated with decreased z-score (P =.004 and.041, respectively) although linear regression failed to identify any agent as independent predictor. CONCLUSIONS.: Children with single ventricle have high mortality and a profound medication burden. No individual medication is independently associated with better survival or weight gain during interstage period. Despite widespread use, proton pump inhibitors and prokinetic agents are not associated with better outcomes and may be associated with poor growth.Congenital Heart Disease 11/2012; · 1.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: : To determine whether an 18-month vanguard phase, in the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest trials, confirmed study feasibility and patient safety, a prerequisite to continued funding by the sponsor. : Randomized controlled trial. : Pediatric intensive care and pediatric cardiac care units in 15 clinical sites in the United States and Canada. : Children aged 48 hrs to 18 yrs of age, with return of circulation after cardiac arrest. : Therapeutic hypothermia vs. therapeutic normothermia. : The first 15 of 20 potential sites to obtain Institutional Review Board and subcontract approvals were selected as vanguard sites. Institutional Review Board approvals were obtained 92 days (median, interquartile range 65-114) and subcontracts signed 34 days (interquartile range 20-48) after distribution. Sites screened subjects at 13 days (interquartile range 9-21) and enrolled the first subjects 64 days (interquartile range 13-154) after study launch. The recruitment milestone was reached 4 months ahead of schedule, with no safety concerns identified. Overall recruitment in this ongoing trial remains on target. : The Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest vanguard phase proved beneficial for the investigators and funding agency. Because complex multicenter trials are rarely ready to launch when grant funds are received, the vanguard allowed time to refine the protocol and recruitment approaches. Competition for vanguard positions led to expedient Institutional Review Board and subcontract completion. Early success and sustained momentum contributed to recruitment at or above goals. Financial risks to the sponsor were minimized by tying funding for the full trial to achieving prespecified milestones. A vanguard phase may be a desirable strategy for the successful conduct of other complex clinical trials. : NCT00880087 and NCT00878644 (http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00880087?term=pediatric+hypothermia&rank=4; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00878644?term=pediatric+hypothermia&rank=5).Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 01/2013; 14(1):19-26. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Postoperative care of cardiac patients requires a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to critically ill patients with cardiac disease whose care requires a clear understanding of cardiovascular physiology. When a patient fails to progress along the projected course or decompensates acutely, prompt evaluation with bedside assessment, laboratory evaluation, and echocardiography is essential. When things do not add up, cardiac catheterization must be seriously considered. With continued advancements in the field of neonatal and pediatric postoperative cardiac care, continued improvements in overall outcomes for this specialized population are anticipated.Critical care clinics 04/2013; 29(2):185-202. · 1.72 Impact Factor