Variation in preoperative and intraoperative care for first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative.
ABSTRACT As the first multicenter quality improvement collaborative in pediatric cardiology, the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry collects information on the clinical care and outcomes of infants discharged home after first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease, the Norwood operation, and variants. We sought to describe the preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of the first 100 patients enrolled in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry.
From 21 contributing centers, 59% of infants were male, with median birth weight of 3.1 kg (1.9-5.0 kg); the majority had hypoplastic left heart syndrome (71%). A prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease was made in 75%; only one had fetal cardiac intervention. Chromosomal anomalies were present in 8%, and major noncardiac organ system anomalies were present in 9%. Preoperative risk factors were common (55%) but less frequent in those with prenatal cardiac diagnosis (P= .001). Four patients underwent a preoperative transcatheter intervention. Substantial variation across participating sites was demonstrated for choice of initial palliation for the 93 patients requiring a full first-stage approach, with 50% of sites performing stage I with right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as the preferred operation; 89% of hybrid procedures were performed at a single center. Significant intraoperative variation by site was noted for the 83 patients who underwent traditional surgical stage I palliation, particularly with use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia.
In summary, there is substantial variation across surgical centers in the successful initial palliation of infants with single-ventricle heart disease, particularly with regard to choice of palliation strategy, and intraoperative techniques including use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia. Further exploration of the relationship of such variables to subsequent outcomes after hospital discharge may help reduce variability and improve long-term outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to identify predictors of prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) for single ventricle patients following Stage I palliation. We hypothesize that peri-operative factors contribute to prolonged ICU stay among children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and its variants. In 2008, as a part of the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease initiative, the National Pediatric Cardiology-Quality Improvement Collaborative established a data registry for patients with HLHS and its variants undergoing staged palliation. Between July 2008 and August 2011, 33 sites across the United States submitted discharge data essential to this analysis. Data describing the patients, their procedures, and their hospital experience were entered. LOS estimates were generated. Prolonged LOS in the ICU was defined as stay greater than or equal to 26 days (i.e., 75th percentile). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify pre-operative, operative, and post-operative predictors of prolonged LOS in the ICU. The number of patients with complete discharge data was 303, and these subjects were included in the analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Multivariate analysis revealed that lower number of enrolled participants (e.g., 1-10) per site, the presence of pre-operative acidosis, increased circulatory arrest time, the occurrence of a central line infection, and the development of respiratory insufficiency requiring re-intubation were associated with prolonged LOS in the ICU. Prolonged LOS in the ICU following Stage I palliation in patients with HLHS and HLHS variant anatomy is associated with site enrollment, circulatory arrest time, pre-operative acidosis, and some post-operative complications, including central line infection and re-intubation. Further study of these associations may reveal strategies for reducing LOS in the ICU following the Norwood and Norwood-variant surgeries.Pediatric Cardiology 10/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Postoperative care of cardiac patients requires a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to critically ill patients with cardiac disease whose care requires a clear understanding of cardiovascular physiology. When a patient fails to progress along the projected course or decompensates acutely, prompt evaluation with bedside assessment, laboratory evaluation, and echocardiography is essential. When things do not add up, cardiac catheterization must be seriously considered. With continued advancements in the field of neonatal and pediatric postoperative cardiac care, continued improvements in overall outcomes for this specialized population are anticipated.Critical care clinics 04/2013; 29(2):185-202. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Among infants with single ventricle congenital heart disease (SVD) requiring Stage I palliation (S1P), the impact of prenatal diagnosis (PD) on outcomes has been variably characterized. We investigated the impact of PD in a large multi-center cohort of survivors of S1P in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPCQIC) registry. Retrospective analysis of demographic and outcomes data among infants enrolled in the NPCQIC database; eligibility includes SVD requiring S1P and survival to discharge. From 43 contributing surgical centers, 591 infants had data available through time of BDG (519) or interstage death (55). Median gestational age was 39 weeks (31-46), and 66 % had variants of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. PD was made in 445 (75 %), with significant variation by center (p = 0.004). While infants with PD had slightly lower gestational age at birth (p < 0.001), there were no differences in birth weight, the presence of major syndromes or other organ system anomalies. Those without PD were more likely to have atrioventricular valve regurgitation (p = .002), ventricular dysfunction (p = 0.06), and pre-operative risk factors including acidosis (p < 0.001), renal insufficiency (p = 0.007), and shock (p = 0.05). Post-operative ventilation was shorter in the PD group (9 vs. 12 d, p = 0.002). Other early post-operative outcomes, interstage course, and outcomes at BDG were similar between groups. In a large cohort of infants with SVD surviving to hospital discharge after S1P, PD showed significant inter-site variation and was associated with improved pre-operative status and shorter duration of mechanical ventilation. The significance of such associations merits further study.Pediatric cardiology. 08/2014;