Variation in preoperative and intraoperative care for first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative.
ABSTRACT As the first multicenter quality improvement collaborative in pediatric cardiology, the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry collects information on the clinical care and outcomes of infants discharged home after first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease, the Norwood operation, and variants. We sought to describe the preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of the first 100 patients enrolled in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry.
From 21 contributing centers, 59% of infants were male, with median birth weight of 3.1 kg (1.9-5.0 kg); the majority had hypoplastic left heart syndrome (71%). A prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease was made in 75%; only one had fetal cardiac intervention. Chromosomal anomalies were present in 8%, and major noncardiac organ system anomalies were present in 9%. Preoperative risk factors were common (55%) but less frequent in those with prenatal cardiac diagnosis (P= .001). Four patients underwent a preoperative transcatheter intervention. Substantial variation across participating sites was demonstrated for choice of initial palliation for the 93 patients requiring a full first-stage approach, with 50% of sites performing stage I with right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as the preferred operation; 89% of hybrid procedures were performed at a single center. Significant intraoperative variation by site was noted for the 83 patients who underwent traditional surgical stage I palliation, particularly with use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia.
In summary, there is substantial variation across surgical centers in the successful initial palliation of infants with single-ventricle heart disease, particularly with regard to choice of palliation strategy, and intraoperative techniques including use of regional perfusion and depth of hypothermia. Further exploration of the relationship of such variables to subsequent outcomes after hospital discharge may help reduce variability and improve long-term outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: : To determine whether an 18-month vanguard phase, in the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest trials, confirmed study feasibility and patient safety, a prerequisite to continued funding by the sponsor. : Randomized controlled trial. : Pediatric intensive care and pediatric cardiac care units in 15 clinical sites in the United States and Canada. : Children aged 48 hrs to 18 yrs of age, with return of circulation after cardiac arrest. : Therapeutic hypothermia vs. therapeutic normothermia. : The first 15 of 20 potential sites to obtain Institutional Review Board and subcontract approvals were selected as vanguard sites. Institutional Review Board approvals were obtained 92 days (median, interquartile range 65-114) and subcontracts signed 34 days (interquartile range 20-48) after distribution. Sites screened subjects at 13 days (interquartile range 9-21) and enrolled the first subjects 64 days (interquartile range 13-154) after study launch. The recruitment milestone was reached 4 months ahead of schedule, with no safety concerns identified. Overall recruitment in this ongoing trial remains on target. : The Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest vanguard phase proved beneficial for the investigators and funding agency. Because complex multicenter trials are rarely ready to launch when grant funds are received, the vanguard allowed time to refine the protocol and recruitment approaches. Competition for vanguard positions led to expedient Institutional Review Board and subcontract completion. Early success and sustained momentum contributed to recruitment at or above goals. Financial risks to the sponsor were minimized by tying funding for the full trial to achieving prespecified milestones. A vanguard phase may be a desirable strategy for the successful conduct of other complex clinical trials. : NCT00880087 and NCT00878644 (http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00880087?term=pediatric+hypothermia&rank=4; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00878644?term=pediatric+hypothermia&rank=5).Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 01/2013; 14(1):19-26. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial, infants undergoing the Norwood procedure were randomly allocated to undergo a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt or a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Apart from shunt type, subjects received the local standard of care. We evaluated variation in perioperative care during the Norwood hospitalization across 14 trial sites. Data on preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables for 546 enrolled subjects who underwent the Norwood procedure were collected prospectively on standardized case report forms, and variation across the centers was described. Gestational age, birth weight, and proportion with hypoplastic left heart syndrome were similar across sites. In contrast, all recorded variables related to preoperative care varied across centers, including fetal diagnosis (range, 55%-85%), preoperative intubation (range, 29%-91%), and enteral feeding. Perioperative and operative factors were also variable across sites, including median total support time (range, 74-189 minutes) and other perfusion variables, arch reconstruction technique, intraoperative medication use, and use of modified ultrafiltration (range, 48%-100%). Additional variation across centers was seen in variables related to postoperative care, including proportion with an open sternum (range, 35%-100%), median intensive care unit stay (range, 9-44 days), type of feeding at discharge, and enrollment in a home monitoring program (range, 1%-100%; 5 sites did not have a program). Overall, in-hospital death or transplant occurred in 18% (range across sites, 7%-39%). Perioperative care during the Norwood hospitalization varies across centers. Further analysis evaluating the underlying causes and relationship of this variation to outcome is needed to inform future studies and quality improvement efforts.The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 06/2012; 144(4):915-21. · 3.41 Impact Factor