Article

HDAC1 and HDAC2 control the transcriptional program of myelination and the survival of Schwann cells.

Institute of Cell Biology, Department of Biology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Nature Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 14.98). 03/2011; 14(4):429-36. DOI: 10.1038/nn.2762
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are major epigenetic regulators. We show that HDAC1 and HDAC2 functions are critical for myelination of the peripheral nervous system. Using mouse genetics, we have ablated Hdac1 and Hdac2 specifically in Schwann cells, resulting in massive Schwann cell loss and virtual absence of myelin in mutant sciatic nerves. Expression of Sox10 and Krox20, the main transcriptional regulators of Schwann cell myelination, was greatly reduced. We demonstrate that in Schwann cells, HDAC1 and HDAC2 exert specific primary functions: HDAC2 activates the transcriptional program of myelination in synergy with Sox10, whereas HDAC1 controls Schwann cell survival by regulating the levels of active β-catenin.

0 Followers
 · 
136 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neural fate commitment is an early embryonic event that a group of cells in ectoderm, which do not ingress through primitive streak, acquire a neural fate but not epidermal or mesodermal lineages. Several extracellular signaling pathways initiated by the secreted proteins bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), wingless/int class proteins (WNTs) and Nodal play essential roles in the specification of the neural plate. Accumulating evidence from the studies on mouse and pluripotent embryonic stem cells reveals that except for the extracellular signals, the intracellular molecules, including both transcriptional and epigenetic factors, participate in the modulation of neural fate commitment as well. In the review, we mainly focus on recent findings that the initiation of the nervous system is elaborately regulated by the intrinsic programs, which are mediated by transcriptional factors such as Sox2, Zfp521, Sip1 and Pou3f1, as well as epigenetic modifications, including histone methylation/demethylation, histone acetylation/deacetylation, and DNA methylation/demethylation. The discovery of the intrinsic regulatory machineries provides better understanding of the mechanisms by which the neural fate commitment is ensured by the cooperation between extracellular factors and intracellular molecules. © 2015 Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists.
    Embryologia 02/2015; 57(2):109-20. DOI:10.1111/dgd.12204 · 2.18 Impact Factor
  • Epigenomics 02/2015; 7(1):5-7. DOI:10.2217/epi.14.62 · 5.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate a broad range of biological processes through removal of acetyl groups from histones as well as non-histone proteins. Our previous studies showed that Hdac1 and Hdac2 are bound to promoters of key renal developmental regulators and that HDAC activity is required for embryonic kidney gene expression. However, the existence of many HDAC isoforms in embryonic kidneys raises questions concerning the possible specificity or redundancy of their functions. We report here that targeted deletion of both the Hdac1 and Hdac2 genes from the ureteric bud (UB) cell lineage of mice causes bilateral renal hypodysplasia. One copy of either Hdac1 or Hdac2 is sufficient to sustain normal renal development. In addition to defective cell proliferation and survival, genome-wide transcriptional profiling revealed that the canonical Wnt signaling pathway is specifically impaired in UB(Hdac1,2-/-) kidneys. Our results also demonstrate that loss of Hdac1 and Hdac2 in the UB epithelium leads to marked hyperacetylation of the tumor suppressor protein p53 on lysine 370, 379 and 383; these post-translational modifications are known to boost p53 stability and transcriptional activity. Genetic deletion of p53 partially rescues the development of UB(Hdac1,2-/-) kidneys. Together, these data indicate that Hdac1 and Hdac2 are crucial for kidney development. They perform redundant, yet essential, cell lineage-autonomous functions via p53-dependent and -independent pathways. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
    Development 03/2015; 142(6):1180-92. DOI:10.1242/dev.113506 · 6.27 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
48 Downloads
Available from
May 30, 2014