Measurement of the aortic annulus size by real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.
ABSTRACT We sought to determine the level of agreement and the reproducibility of two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic (2D-TTE), 2D transesophageal (2D-TEE) and real-time three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE) for measurement of aortic annulus size in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Accurate preoperative assessment of the dimensions of the aortic annulus is critical for patient selection and successful implantation in those undergoing TAVI for severe aortic stenosis (AS). Annulus size was measured using 2D-TTE, 2D-TEE and RT3D-TEE in 105 patients with severe AS referred for TAVI. Agreement between echocardiographic methods and interobserver variability was assessed using the Bland-Altman method and regression analysis, respectively. The mean aortic annuli were 21,7 ± 3 mm measured with 2D-TTE, 22,6 ± 2,8 mm with 2D-TEE and 22,3 ± 2,9 mm with RT3D-TEE. The results showed a small but significant mean difference and a strong correlation between the three measurement techniques (2D-TTE vs. 2D-TEE mean difference 0,84 ± 1,85 mm, r = 0,8, p < 0,0001; 2D-TEE vs. 3D-TEE 0,27 ± 1,14 mm, r = 0,91, p < 0,02; 2D-TTE vs. 3D-TEE 0,58 ± 2,21 mm, r = 0,72, p = 0,02); however, differences between measurements amounted up to 6,1 mm. Interobserver variability for 2D-TTE and 2D-TEE was substantially higher compared with RT3D-TEE. We found significant differences in the dimensions of the aortic annulus measured by 2D-TTE, 2D-TEE and RT3D-TEE. Thus, in patients referred for TAVI, the echocardiographic method used may have an impact on TAVI strategy.
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ABSTRACT: Accurate assessment of the aortic valve area (AVA) and evaluation of the aortic root are important for clinical decision-making in patients being considered for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Real-time three-dimension- al transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE) provides accurate and reliable quantitative assessment of aortic valve stenosis and the aortic root. We performed two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE), real-time 2D trans- esophageal echocardiography (RT2D-TEE) and RT3D-TEE in 71 consecutive patients referred for TAVI. RT3D-TEE multiplanar reconstruction was used to measure aortic root parameters, including left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) diameter and area, aortic annulus diameter, aortic annulus area, and AVA. RT3D-TEE methods for planimetry and the LVOT-derived continuity equation for the estimation of AVA showed a good correlation. As iatrogenic coronary ostium occlusion is a potentially life-threatening complication, we evaluated the distances from the aortic annulus to the coronary ostia using RT3D-TEE. Based on our findings, we conclude that the geometry of the aortic root and aortic valve can be reliably and feasibly evaluated using RT3D-TEE, which is important for protecting against potential complications of TAVI, such as underestimation of the size of the aortic annulus that can result in aortic regurgitation and dislocation of the valve, or overestimation can lead to annulus rupture.Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports 08/2014; 7:9296-9.
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ABSTRACT: Despite the higher incidence of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), this novel treatment modality has rapidly emerged as a reasonable alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in high risk and inoperable patients. This review will discuss the current literature with respect to assessment, outcomes, predictors, and intraprocedural treatment options of PVR following TAVR. Understanding the predictors may help reduce the incidence of PVR and improving the outcome of this procedure.Current Cardiology Reports 05/2014; 16(5):475.
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ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the self-expandable ACURATE TA device (Symetis SA, Ecublens, Switzerland) in a cohort of patients with pure aortic regurgitation (AR).JACC Cardiovascular Interventions 08/2014; 7(10):1159. · 7.42 Impact Factor