Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT A novel secure communication network with quantum key distribution in a
metropolitan area is reported. Different QKD schemes are integrated to
demonstrate secure TV conferencing over a distance of 45km, stable long-term
operation, and application to secure mobile phones.

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    ABSTRACT: Three network architectures, compatible with passive optical networks, for future hybrid quantum-classical networks are proposed and compared. These setups rely on three different schemes for quantum key distribution (QKD): BB84, entanglement-based QKD, and measurement-device-independent QKD (MDI-QKD). It turns out that, while for small-to-moderatesize networks BB84 supports the highest secret key generation rate, it may fail to support large numbers of users. Its cost implications are also expected to be higher than other setups. For large networks, MDI-QKD offers the highest key rate if fast single-photon detectors are employed. Entanglement-based networks offer the longest security distance among the three setups. MDI-QKD is, however, the only architecture resilient to detection loopholes and possibly the most favorable with its less demanding end-user technology. Entanglement-based and MDI-QKD setups can both be combined with quantum repeater systems to allow for long-distance QKD with no trust constraints on the service provider.
    Communication and Information Theory (IWCIT), 2013 Iran Workshop on; 01/2013
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed quantum key distribution based network switches. In the layer 2 switch, MAC addresses are encrypted to prevent illegal access from internal network. In layer 3, secure key are used in IPSEC protocol.
    Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR), 2013 Conference on; 01/2013
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility of trust-free long-haul quantum key distribution (QKD) networks is addressed. We combine measurement-device-independent QKD (MDI-QKD), as an access technology, with a quantum repeater setup, at the core of future quantum communication networks. This will provide a quantum link none of whose intermediary nodes need to be trusted, or, in our terminology, a trust-free QKD link. As the main figure of merit, we calculate the secret key generation rate when a particular probabilistic quantum repeater protocol is in use. We assume the users are equipped with imperfect single photon sources, which can possibly emit two single photons, or laser sources to implement decoy-state techniques. We consider apparatus imperfection, such as quantum efficiency and dark count of photodetectors, path loss of the channel, and writing and reading efficiencies of quantum memories. By optimizing different system parameters, we estimate the maximum distance over which users can share secret keys when a finite number of memories are employed in the repeater setup.
    IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 07/2014; 21(3). DOI:10.1109/JSTQE.2014.2364129 · 3.47 Impact Factor

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May 22, 2014