Complications of Hip Arthroscopy in Children and Adolescents
ABSTRACT Hip arthroscopy has become an established procedure for certain hip disorders. Complications of hip arthroscopy have been characterized in adult populations, but complications in children and adolescents have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to characterize complications of hip arthroscopy in children and adolescents.
The study design was a retrospective review of 218 hip arthroscopies in 175 patients aged 18 years old and younger over a 9-year period by a single surgeon at a tertiary-care children's hospital. Patient demographics, indications for surgery, and complications after surgery were recorded. Indications for surgery included: isolated labral tear (n=131), labral tear with concomitant hip disorder (n=37), Perthes disease (n=10), hip dysplasia (n=5), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (n=3), loose bodies (n=3), osteochondral fracture (n=3), synovitis (n=2), avascular necrosis (n=1), chondral lesion (n=1), iliopsoas tendinitis (n=1), and slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n=1).
The overall complication rate in the study population was 1.8%. Complications of arthroscopy included: transient pudendal nerve palsy (n=2), instrument breakage (n=1), and suture abscess (n=1). No cases of proximal femoral physeal separation, osteonecrosis, or growth disturbance were noted.
Hip arthroscopy in children and adolescents seems to be a safe procedure with a low complication rate similar to adults.
IV (case series).
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Benedict U Nwachukwu, Oct 12, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Whether open or arthroscopic techniques are employed, the goal of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) surgery is to achieve impingement-free range of motion. While arthroscopic approaches have improved and gained popularity, an objective evaluation of the surgical correction achieved with this approach compared with open surgery remains to be defined in the literature. This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of arthroscopic osteoplasty and open surgical dislocation in treating FAI dysmorphology in a consecutive series of patients. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Surgical treatment was performed in 60 male patients under 40 years of age for symptomatic FAI refractory to nonoperative management. Patients were matched (not randomized) to treatment groups: 30 patients (15 left and 15 right hips) underwent arthroscopic cam and/or rim osteoplasty with labral debridement and/or refixation by an arthroscopic surgeon; and 30 (14 left and 16 right hips) underwent open surgical dislocation, cam and/or rim osteoplasty, and labral debridement or refixation by a hip preservation surgeon. Anteroposterior (AP) pelvis and extended-neck (Dunn) lateral radiographs were obtained and the depth of resection and arc of resection were measured by assessment of anterior femoral head-neck offset, AP and lateral α angle, and β angle on preoperative and postoperative radiographs. In the arthroscopic group, the extended-neck lateral α angle was reduced by a mean of 17.2° (28.3%, P < .05), AP α angle was reduced by a mean of 12.6° (16.8%), anterior head-neck offset improved 5.0 mm (111%, P < .05), and β angle increased by a mean of 23.1°. In the open dislocation group, the extended-neck lateral α angle was reduced by a mean of 21.2° (30.7%, P < .05), AP α angle was reduced by a mean of 20.1° (25.7%), anterior head-neck offset improved 6.56 mm (108%, P < .05), and β angle increased by a mean of 18.35°. Arthroscopic osteoplasty can restore head-neck offset and achieve similar depth, arc, and proximal-distal resection with comparable efficacy to open surgical dislocation for anterior and anterosuperior cam and focal rim impingement deformity. The open technique, however, may allow greater correction of posterosuperior loss of femoral offset and may be favorable for FAI patterns that demonstrate considerable proximal femoral deformity on AP radiographs.The American Journal of Sports Medicine 07/2011; 39 Suppl(1_suppl):20S-8S. DOI:10.1177/0363546511412734 · 4.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 61-year-old woman who underwent hip arthroscopy for a labral tear. The acetabular labrum was resected arthroscopically. Three months later, magnetic resonance imaging showed avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Theoretically, avascular necrosis following hip arthroscopy may result from traction on vessels supplying the femoral head, direct injury to such vessels during portal entrance, raised intra-articular pressure, prolonged operating time and damage to vessels during bony resection or osteochondroplasty for femoroacetabular impingement. We presume that avascular necrosis in our case was a result of a traction injury and increased intra-articular pressure.Hip international: the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy 09/2011; 21(5):623-6. DOI:10.5301/HIP.2011.8693 · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes after treatment for femoroacetabular impingement in the pediatric and adolescent population with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up. Prospectively collected data on 60 consecutive pediatric and adolescent patients (65 hips), aged 16 years or younger, who underwent hip arthroscopy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were excluded if they had previous surgery on the hip and if they presented a center-edge angle below 25°. The mean age at the time of surgery was 15 years (range, 11 to 16 years), and 31% of patients were boys and 69% were girls. The femoral physis was open in 10% of patients, partially closed in 19%, and closed in 71%. Cam impingement was found in 10% of cases, pincer impingement in 15%, and mixed type in 75%. The mean center-edge angle was 36° (95% confidence interval [CI], 34° to 38°), and the mean alpha angle was 64° (95% CI, 60° to 69°). There was a significant association between age and alpha angle (r = 0.324, P = .02). After the index procedure, 8 patients (all girls) needed second-look diagnostic arthroscopies because of intra-articular adhesions. At a mean follow-up of 3 years (range, 2 to 5 years) with 91% follow-up, the modified Harris Hip Score increased from a mean of 57 (95% CI, 51 to 62) to a mean of 91 (95% CI, 88 to 94) (P < .001). The median rating for patient satisfaction with outcome was 10 (range, 5 to 10). Hip arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population is a safe procedure, with excellent clinical outcomes at 2 to 5 years. In this study there was an association between alpha angle and age. Clinical scores showed a significant improvement after surgery; however, 13% of patients did require a second procedure for capsulolabral adhesions. Level IV, therapeutic case series.Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 05/2012; 28(9):1255-61. DOI:10.1016/j.arthro.2012.02.006 · 3.21 Impact Factor