Genz-644282, a novel non-camptothecin topoisomerase I inhibitor for cancer treatment.
ABSTRACT Genz-644282 [8,9-dimethoxy-5-(2-N-methylaminoethyl)-2,3-methylenedioxy-5H-dibenzo[c,h][1,6]naphthyridin-6-one] has emerged as a promising candidate for antitumor agents. This report describes the bone marrow colony-forming unit, granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM) and tumor cell CFU activity of topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitors, such as Genz-644282, topotecan, irinotecan/SN-38, and ARC-111, and examines their activity in several human tumor xenograft models.
Colony-forming assays were conducted with mouse and human bone marrow and eight human tumor cell lines. In addition, 29 human tumor cell lines representing a range of histology and potential resistance mechanisms were assayed for sensitivity to Genz-644282 in a 72-hour exposure assay. The efficacy of Genz-644282 was compared with standard anticancer drugs (i.e., irinotecan, docetaxel, and dacarbazine) in human tumor xenografts of colon cancer, renal cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and melanoma.
Human bone marrow CFU-GM was more sensitive to the Top1 inhibitors than was mouse bone marrow CFU-GM. The ratio of mouse to human IC(90) values was more than 10 for the camptothecins and less than 10 for Genz-644282, which had more potency as a cytotoxic agent toward human tumor cells in culture than the camptothecins in the colony-forming and 72-hour proliferation assays. Genz-644282 has superior or equal antitumor activity in the human tumor xenografts than the standard drug comparators.
On the basis of preclinical activity and safety, Genz-644282 was selected for development and is currently undergoing phase 1 clinical trial.