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Free Cyclitol, Soluble Carbohydrate and Protein Contents in Vigna unguiculata and Phaseolus vulgaris Bean Sprouts

Laboratório de Química e Função de Proteínas e Peptídeos-LQFPP, Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia-CBB, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro-UENF, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.11). 03/2011; 59(8):4273-8. DOI: 10.1021/jf104979m
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Seeds sprouts have been used as a good source of basic nutrients and nutraceutical compounds. The high nutritional value of seeds derives from the deposition of compounds during development. However some of these molecules are used in metabolic processes like germination, which leads to a considerable variation in their concentrations once these events are completed. In this work, we investigate the levels of inositols (myo-inositol, D-pinitol and ononitol), soluble carbohydrates and proteins in cotyledons of Phaseolus vulgaris and Vigna unguiculata sprouts. Sprouting increased myo-inositol and glucose content and reduction of raffinose and ononitol was observed. The protein levels increased in P. vulgaris and decreased in V. unguiculata sprouting. The level of sucrose was maintained in both sprouts. D-Pinitol was detected only in quiescent seeds. Our results suggested that bean sprout is an important source of proteins, sucrose, glucose and myo-inositol. Additionally, bean sprouts have low levels of raffinose, an antinutritional compound.

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