Control of Viral Infections and Diseases

Galveston (TX)
In book: Medical Microbiology, Edition: 4th, Chapter: Chapter 51, Publisher: University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Editors: Samuel Baron
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Viral diseases range from trivial infections to plagues that alter the course of history. Because of the enormous variations in viruses and in their epidemiology and pathogenesis, there is no single, magic-bullet approach to control. Each virus presents its own set of problems. This chapter covers methods useful to various degrees in controlling selected viral diseases. The most spectacular progress so far has involved vaccines. Vector control and sanitation have contributed greatly. Also, a number of therapeutic antiviral agents are now available, including some for very serious infections such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. In addition, interferon alpha is now available for the therapy of several viral diseases.