MicroRNAs: Allies or foes in erythropoiesis?
ABSTRACT MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression through mRNA degradation or translational repression. It is becoming increasingly recognized that miRNAs play central roles in almost all cellular processes, and especially during development. The function of miRNAs in hematopoiesis, including erythropoiesis, is beginning to be elucidated. In this review, we will focus on what is known about miRNA function in various aspects of erythropoiesis and red cell physiology.
Article: MicroRNA-486-3p Regulates γ-Globin Expression in Human Erythroid Cells by Directly Modulating BCL11A.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in modulating a variety of cellular processes through repression of mRNAs target. The functional relevance of microRNAs has been proven in normal and malignant hematopoiesis. While analyzing miRNAs expression profile in unilineage serum-free liquid suspension unilineage cultures of peripheral blood CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) through the erythroid, megakaryocytic, granulocytic and monocytic pathways, we identified miR-486-3p as mainly expressed within the erythroid lineage. We showed that miR-486-3p regulates BCL11A expression by binding to the extra-long isoform of BCL11A 3'UTR. Overexpression of miR-486-3p in erythroid cells resulted in reduced BCL11A protein levels, associated to increased expression of γ-globin gene, whereas inhibition of physiological miR-486-3p levels increased BCL11A and, consequently, reduced γ-globin expression. Thus, miR-486-3p regulating BCL11A expression might contributes to fetal hemoglobin (HbF) modulation and arise the question as to what extent this miRNA might contribute to different HbF levels observed among β-thalassemia patients. Erythroid cells, differentiated from PB CD34(+) cells of a small cohort of patients affected by major or intermedia β-thalassemia, showed miR-486-3p levels significantly higher than those observed in normal counterpart. Importantly, in these patients, miR-486-3p expression correlates with increased HbF synthesis. Thus, our data indicate that miR-486-3p might contribute to different HbF levels observed among thalassemic patients and, possibly, to the clinical severity of the disease.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(4):e60436. · 4.09 Impact Factor