Similarities and Differences Between Intraductal Papillary Tumors of the Bile Duct With and Without Macroscopically Visible Mucin Secretion
ABSTRACT Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNB) have been recently proposed as the biliary counterpart of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN-P). However, in contrast to IPMN-P, IPNB include a considerable number of the tumors without macroscopically visible mucin secretion. Here we report the similarities and differences between IPNB with and without macroscopically visible mucin secretion (IPNB-M and IPNB-NM). Surgically resected 27 consecutive cases with IPNB were divided into IPNB-M (n=10) and IPNB-NM (n=17), and their clinicopathologic features were examined. Clinically, both tumors were similar. Pathologically, the most frequent histopathologic types were pancreatobiliary in IPNB-NM and intestinal in IPNB-M. Various degrees of cytoarchitectural atypia within the same tumor were exhibited in 8 IPNB-M, but only 3 in IPNB-NM. Although the tumor size was similar, 9 IPNB-NM were invasive carcinoma, whereas all but 1 IPNB-M with carcinoma were in situ or minimally invasive. Immunohistochemically, positive MUC2 expression was significantly more frequent in IPNB-M than in IPNB-NM, whereas MUC1 tended to be more frequently expressed in IPNB-NM compared with IPNB-M. Among IPNB-NM with positive MUC1 expression, 3 had negative MUC2 and MUC5AC expressions. These tumors showed a tubulopapillary growth with uniform degree of cytoarchitectural atypia. All IPNB-M were negative for p53, and the frequency of positive p53 protein in IPNB-NM was at the middle level of that in IPNB-M and nonpapillary cholangiocarcinoma. In conclusion, IPNB-M showed striking similarities to IPMN-P, but IPNB-NM contained heterogeneous disease groups.
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ABSTRACT: The neoplasms of the biliary tree include the carcinomas of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts, the gallbladder and the ampulla. Two types of precancerous lesions precede these adenocarcinomas: the flat and non-tumour forming type that is called biliary intraepithelial neoplasia, and the papillary and tumour-forming type that has been named intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct. Rarely also biliary mucinous cystic neoplasm can give rise to invasive biliary adenocarcinomas. This review discusses the pathological, molecular, epidemiological, clinical and prognostic features of the precancerous biliary lesions, separated according to their origin in the bile ducts, the ampulla and the gall bladder.Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology 04/2013; 27(2):285-97. DOI:10.1016/j.bpg.2013.04.002
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ABSTRACT: Precursor lesions of pancreatobiliary cancer can be divided into cystic and flat lesions. Mucinous cystic neoplasm and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) comprise the cystic precursors in the pancreas, while intraductal papillary neoplasm (IPN) represents their counterpart in the bile duct system. There is an adenoma-carcinoma sequence in the cystic precursors arising from four different types of epithelia: pancreatobiliary, oncocytic, intestinal and gastric. These subtypes of IPMN/IPN are morphologically and immunohistochemically well characterised and show clinical and prognostic relevance: the gastric subtype is associated with the best prognosis, followed by the oncocytic and intestinal subtypes, while the pancreatobiliary subtype is characterized by adverse clinical behaviour. Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) represent the flat precursors. PanIN are morphologically and biologically well defined. PanIN with lobulocentric atrophy has recently been described as a putative precursor of pancreatic cancer. Despite well defined morphological features in BilIN, the molecular alterations seen during early tumor progression in the biliary tract are poorly understood.Der Pathologe 09/2011; 32 Suppl 2:224-31. DOI:10.1007/s00292-011-1513-4
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ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct have been applied to certain types of papillary tumours occurring in the biliary tract. Although many cases have been sporadically reported, there remain controversies. To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and long-term survival of intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct. The clinicopathologic data of 52 patients who underwent surgery for intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct were retrospectively evaluated. In our series, tumours located in intrahepatic and hilar bile duct, rather than in extrahepatic bile duct, were more commonly diagnosed as adenomas or borderline tumours (12/19 and 7/13 vs 6/20; P=0.046). And the gastric type was more commonly associated with adenomas or borderline tumour (85.7%), whilst the pancreaticobiliary type mainly comprised of noninvasive carcinoma or invasive carcinoma (93.8%). However, only the types of treatment (median survival: curative resection: 72 months and palliative groups: 12 months; P<0.001) and histologic grades (adenoma or borderline malignancy vs noninvasive carcinoma: P=0.018) were significantly associated with survival. Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct are rare type of biliary neoplasms, long-term survival may be achieved with complete resection. However, further studies are needed to clarify the relationship between these variables like location, cellular types and histologic grades.Digestive and Liver Disease 09/2011; 44(3):251-6. DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2011.08.014