Insulin Suppresses the Expression of Amyloid Precursor Protein, Presenilins, and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 beta in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, State University of New York at Buffalo and Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York 14209, USA.
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (Impact Factor: 6.31). 03/2011; 96(6):1783-8. DOI: 10.1210/jc.2010-2961
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our objective was to determine whether peripheral blood mononuclear cells express amyloid precursor protein (APP) and other mediators involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and whether their expression is suppressed by insulin.
Ten obese type 2 diabetic patients were infused with insulin (2 U/h with 100 ml 5% dextrose/h) for 4 h. Patients were also infused with 5% dextrose/h or normal physiological saline for 4 h, respectively, on two other days as controls. Blood samples were obtained at 0, 2, 4, and 6 h.
Insulin infusion significantly suppressed the expression of APP, presenilin-1, presenilin-2, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Dextrose and saline infusions did not alter these indices. Insulin infusion also caused significant parallel reductions in nuclear factor-κB binding activity and plasma concentrations of serum amyloid A and intercellular adhesion molecule-1.
A low dose infusion of insulin suppresses APP, presenilin-1, presenilin-2, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β, key proteins involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, in parallel with exerting its other antiinflammatory effects.

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