Article

Effect of diindolylmethane on Ca(2+) movement and viability in HA59T human hepatoma cells.

Department of Medicine, Yongkang Veterans Hospital, Tainan 710, Taiwan.
Archives of Toxicology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 03/2011; 85(10):1257-66. DOI: 10.1007/s00204-011-0670-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effect of diindolylmethane, a natural compound derived from indole-3-carbinol in cruciferous vegetables, on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) and viability in HA59T human hepatoma cells is unclear. This study explored whether diindolylmethane changed [Ca(2+)](i) in HA59T cells. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Diindolylmethane at concentrations of 1-50 μM evoked a [Ca(2+)](i) rise in a concentration-dependent manner. The signal was reduced by removing Ca(2+). Diindolylmethane-induced Ca(2+) influx was not inhibited by nifedipine, econazole, SK&F96365, and protein kinase C modulators but was inhibited by aristolochic acid. In Ca(2+)-free medium, treatment with the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pump inhibitors thapsigargin or 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone (BHQ) inhibited or abolished diindolylmethane-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. Incubation with diindolylmethane inhibited thapsigargin or BHQ-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. Inhibition of phospholipase C with U73122 reduced diindolylmethane-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. At concentrations of 10-75 μM, diindolylmethane killed cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The cytotoxic effect of diindolylmethane was not reversed by chelating cytosolic Ca(2+) with 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid. Propidium iodide staining data suggest that diindolylmethane (25-50 μM) induced apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. Collectively, in HA59T cells, diindolylmethane induced a [Ca(2+)](i) rise by causing phospholipase C-dependent Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum and Ca(2+) influx via phospholipase A(2)-sensitive channels. Diindolylmethane induced cell death that may involve apoptosis.

0 Followers
 · 
122 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Clotrimazole is an antimycotic imidazole derivative that interferes with cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. This study examined the effect of clotrimazole on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) and viability in HA59T human hepatoma cells. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Clotrimazole induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises in a concentration-dependent manner. The response was reduced by removing extracellular Ca(2+). Clotrimazole-evoked Ca(2+) entry was suppressed by store-operated channel inhibitors (nifedipine, econazole and SK&F96365) and protein kinase C modulators (GF109203X and phorbol, 12-myristate, 13-acetate). In Ca(2+)-free medium, incubation with the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pump inhibitor 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone abolished clotrimazole-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. Inhibition of phospholipase C with U73122 abolished clotrimazole-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. At 10-40 µM, clotrimazole inhibited cell viability, which was not reversed by chelating cytosolic Ca(2+). Clotrimazole at 10 and 30 µM also induced apoptosis. Collectively, in HA59T cells, clotrimazole-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises by evoking phospholipase C-dependent Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum and Ca(2+) entry via store-operated Ca(2+) channels. Clotrimazole also caused apoptosis.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2013; DOI:10.3109/10799893.2013.764321 · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of 2,4,6-trimethyl-N-(meta-3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-benzenesulfonamide (m-3M3FBS), a presumed phospholipase C activator, on cytosolic free Ca² ⁺ concentrations ([Ca² ⁺ ]i ) in HA59T human hepatoma cells is unclear. This study explored whether m-3M3FBS elevated basal [Ca² ⁺ ]i levels in suspended cells by using fura-2 as a Ca² ⁺ -sensitive fluorescent dye. M-3M3FBS at concentrations of 10- 50 μM increased [Ca² ⁺ ]i in a concentration-dependent fashion. The Ca² ⁺ signal was reduced partly by removing extracellular Ca² ⁺ . M-3M3FBS-induced Ca² ⁺ influx was inhibited by nifedipine, econazole, SK&F96365, aristolochic acid, and GF109203X. In Ca² ⁺ -free medium, 50 μM m-3M3FBS pretreatment inhibited the [Ca² ⁺ ]i rise induced by the endoplasmic reticulum Ca² ⁺ pump inhibitor thapsigargin. Conversely, pretreatment with thapsigargin partly reduced m-3M3FBS-induced [Ca² ⁺ ]i rise. Inhibition of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate formation with U73122 did not alter m-3M3FBS-induced [Ca² ⁺ ]i rise. At concentrations between 10 and 40 μM m-3M3FBS killed cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The cytotoxic effect of m-3M3FBS was not reversed by prechelating cytosolic Ca² ⁺ with 1,2-bis(2- aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA). Annexin V/propidium iodide staining data suggest that m-3M3FBS induced apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. M-3M3FBS also increased levels of reactive oxygen species. Together, in human hepatoma cells, m-3M3FBS induced a [Ca² ⁺ ]i rise by inducing phospholipase C-independent Ca² ⁺ release from the endoplasmic reticulum and Ca² ⁺ entry via protein kinase C-sensitive store-operated Ca² ⁺ channels. M-3M3FBS induced cell death that might involve apoptosis via mitochondrial pathways.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 02/2013; 56(1):xxx. DOI:10.4077/CJP.2013.BAA091 · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Eleven new resin glycosides, aquaterins I-XI (1-11), were isolated from the whole plants of Ipomoea aquatica. The structures of 1-11 were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic and chemical methods. They were found to be partially acylated tetra- or pentasaccharides derived from simonic acid B and operculinic acids A and C. The site of the aglycone macrolactonization was placed at C-2 or C-3 of the second saccharide moiety, while the two acylating residues could be located at C-2 (or C-3) of the second rhamnose unit and at C-4 (or C-3) on the third rhamnose moiety. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxicity against a small panel of human cancer cell lines. Compound 4 exhibited the most potent activity against HepG2 cells with an IC50 value of 2.4 μM. Cell cycle analysis revealed 4 to inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 cells via G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis induction. In addition, compounds 1-4, 7, 9, and 10 were found to elevate Ca(2+) in HepG2 cells, which might be involved in the regulation of the cytotoxic activities observed.
    Journal of Natural Products 10/2014; DOI:10.1021/np5005246 · 3.95 Impact Factor