"Guo and Ni (2) were the first to reveal successful outcomes following the use of timolol solution in the treatment of a 4-month-old infant with superficial capillary hemangioma of the eyelid in 2010, and this success was subsequently reinforced by a series of other studies (4–7). However, to date, there have been relatively few studies on timolol treatment for IH, and the majority of these are case reports. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Timolol has been demonstrated to be efficacious in the topical treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs). We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of timolol in the treatment of superficial IH in Chinese infants. From March to November 2012, 124 patients with superficial IHs were included in the prospective study. The patients were divided into two groups: treatment (101 patients, the timolol drops were administered on the surface of the lesions three times daily, and erythromycin ointment was applied around the lesions) and observation (23 patients, without treatment). The results were categorized into three grades: class 1 (ineffective), class 2 (controlled growth) and class 3 (promoted regression). Within one week of the initiation of timolol treatment, a number of the lesions became softer and lighter in color. Four months following the initiation of timolol treatment, the overall response was class 1 in eight patients (7.9%), class 2 in 36 patients (35.6%) and class 3 in 57 patients (56.4%). Complete tumor regression was observed in 12 patients. No adverse effects were recorded during the treatment period. Among the patients in the observation group, there were 15 class 1 patients (65.2%), seven class 2 patients (30.4%) and only one class 3 patient (4.3%). In conclusion, timolol is an effective and safe treatment for superficial IH. In addition, it may be used in the treatment of proliferative superficial IH, particularly in infants within 6 months of age.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine 08/2013; 6(2):388-390. DOI:10.3892/etm.2013.1176 · 1.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To review and evaluate the medical literature on new treatments for periocular infantile (capillary) hemangioma. Recent studies have shown a promising new therapy for infantile hemangioma using nonselective β-blockers, including oral propranolol and topical timolol.
Conventional treatments for infantile hemangioma include the use of corticosteroids, laser, surgery, and immunomodulator therapy. Recently, systemic and topical β-blockers have been used to successfully treat infantile hemangioma. The drugs' mechanism of action remains uncertain, but plausible theories include vasoconstriction, modulation of pro-survival signal transduction pathways, and endothelial cell apoptosis. Whereas no life-threatening adverse events from β-blocker treatment have been described, there have been reports of bradycardia, hypotension, bronchospasm, hypoglycemia, and electrolyte disturbances resulting from systemic use of propranolol to treat infantile hemangioma. Sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances have also been frequently reported. Topical timolol application for localized, superficial tumors may confer similar efficacy as oral propranolol while reducing systemic effects.
Despite the recent explosion of interest surrounding this novel treatment, current treatment and protocol-monitoring recommendations are based largely on the experience of individual centers. Several randomized controlled studies are currently underway, the results of which will guide future standard-of-care treatment for infantile hemangioma.
Current opinion in ophthalmology 09/2011; 22(5):419-25. DOI:10.1097/ICU.0b013e32834994b4 · 2.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the optical and anatomical effects of oral propranolol treatment for infantile periocular capillary haemangioma.
All children diagnosed with infantile capillary haemangioma in 2008-2010 at a tertiary paediatric medical centre underwent comprehensive evaluation, including imaging, by a multidisciplinary team followed by oral propranolol treatment. Clinical follow-up was performed regularly until the lesions disappeared. Main outcome measures included changes in anatomical extraocular extension, refractive sphere and cylindrical power, and spherical equivalent in the involved eye before and after treatment and between the two eyes.
A total of 30 patients (8 male; mean age at diagnosis, 1.6±2.8 months) participated. The lesions affected the left eye in 53.3% and were located preseptally in 83.3%. Four patients (13.3%) received steroids before propranolol. A treatment dosage of 2 mg/kg per day was started at mean age 5.0±4.5 months, 3.3±4.3 months from disease onset. Side effects occurred in 11 patients and warranted a dose reduction (to 1 mg/kg per day) in 3 and treatment termination in 1. Findings were significant for mean reduction in involved extraocular area (P<0.0001), post-treatment reduction in mean cylindrical power in involved eyes (P=0.02), pre- and post-treatment differences in mean cylindrical power between involved and uninvolved eyes (P=0.02 and P=0.01, respectively), and post-treatment change in absolute values of mean spherical power between involved and uninvolved eyes (P=0.025).
Early diagnosis of infantile periocular capillary haemangioma and prompt treatment with propranolol lead to a significant reduction in the involved ocular area, in astigmatism, and prevent ocular/facial disfiguration/deformation, without rebound. Propranolol is recommended as the preferred treatment compared with other accepted therapies.
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