Article

Treatment of alcohol dependence with low-dose topiramate: an open-label controlled study

Athens University Medical School, 1st Department of Psychiatry, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.
BMC Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 2.24). 03/2011; 11:41. DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-41
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT GABAergic anticonvulsants have been recommended for the treatment of alcohol dependence and the prevention of relapse. Several studies have demonstrated topiramate's efficacy in improving drinking behaviour and maintaining abstinence. The objective of the present open-label controlled study was to assess efficacy and tolerability of low-dose topiramate as adjunctive treatment in alcohol dependence during the immediate post-detoxification period and during a 16-week follow-up period after alcohol withdrawal.
Following a 7-10 day inpatient alcohol detoxification protocol, 90 patients were assigned to receive either topiramate (up to 75 mg per day) in addition to psychotherapeutic treatment (n = 30) or psychotherapy alone (n = 60). Symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as craving, were monitored for 4-6 weeks immediately following detoxification on an inpatient basis. Thereafter, both groups were followed as outpatients at a weekly basis for another 4 months in order to monitor their course and abstinence from alcohol.
A marked improvement in depressive (p < 0.01), anxiety (p < 0.01), and obsessive-compulsive drinking symptoms (p < 0.01) was observed over the consecutive assessments in both study groups. However, individuals on topiramate fared better than controls (p < 0.01) during inpatient treatment. Moreover, during the 4-month follow up period, relapse rate was lower among patients who received topiramate (66.7%) compared to those who received no adjunctive treatment (85.5%), (p = 0.043). Time to relapse in the topiramate augmentation group was significantly longer compared to the control group (log rank test, p = 0.008). Thus, median duration of abstinence was 4 weeks for the non-medicated group whereas it reached 10 weeks for the topiramate group. No serious side effects of topiramate were recorded throughout the study.
Low-dose topiramate as an adjunct to psychotherapeutic treatment is well tolerated and effective in reducing alcohol craving, as well as symptoms of depression and anxiety, present during the early phase of alcohol withdrawal. Furthermore, topiramate considerably helps to abstain from drinking during the first 16-week post-detoxification period.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Dimitris Karaiskos, Jul 27, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
184 Views
  • Source
    • "Celle-ci a retrouvé, dans le groupe traité par topiramate, une diminution de 23 % du nombre de jours de consommation massive (p < 0,001) et une augmentation significative du nombre de jours d'abstinence supplémentaires (+2,9 jours, p < 0,001). Un essai monocentrique randomisé, contrôlé versus placebo, en ouvert pendant quatre mois (n = 90) a retrouvé une augmentation significative de la durée moyenne d'abstinence dans le groupe traité par topiramate [10] (tableau I). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Drug treatments used in substance use disorders are not effective in all patients. Objective To assess the effectiveness of topiramate use in the treatment of substance use disorders. Information sources Medline database from January 1966 to December 2013, Cochrane database and clinicaltrials.gov. Selection of studies We used keywords topiramate, addiction, substance abuse, alcohol, tobacco, nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, opiate, heroin, benzodiazepine, cannabis, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, gambling. All clinical trials were included. Animal trials, laboratory tests, reviews, answers to writers, case-reports, case series and publications unrelated to the topic were excluded. Twenty-eight articles investigating the efficacy of topiramate in substance use were included. Results In alcohol-related disorder, several trials and a meta-analysis showed a reduction of days of consumption. In a single-center trial on tobacco-related disorder, topiramate was not found effective in reducing the carbon monoxide expired. In cocaine-related disorder, one single-center trial showed a reduction of days of consumption and two single-center trials have found a trend in favour of topiramate. In alcohol and cocaine co-dependency, a single-center trial found a trend in favour of topiramate. In methamphetamine-related disorder, a multicenter trial found a trend in favour of topiramate. In bulimia nervosa, two single-center trials showed a reduction in binge eating and compensatory behaviours. In binge eating disorder, several trials showed a reduction of binge eating and weight. In gambling, one single-center trial did not show any significant results. There were no randomized controlled trials found in opioid-related disorder, benzodiazepines-related disorder, and cannabis-related disorder. Limitations Definition of abstinence and methods to assess the efficacy of topiramate differed between trials. The methodological quality of included trials was variable, especially with no double-blind procedure in eight trials. Conclusion Topiramate showed interest mainly in alcoholism, binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. No definitive conclusions can be reached for other substance use disorders such as nicotine dependence, cocaine dependence, amphetamine dependence or cannabis dependence and for gambling.
    La Presse Médicale 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.lpm.2014.02.030 · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article presents an update on addiction-related medical literature for the calendar years 2010 and 2011, focusing on studies that have implications for generalist practice. We present articles pertaining to medical comorbidities and complications, prescription drug misuse among patients with chronic pain, screening and brief interventions (SBIs), and pharmacotherapy for addiction.
    Journal of General Internal Medicine 01/2011; 26(1):77-82. DOI:10.1007/s11606-010-1461-3 · 3.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a high degree of comorbidity between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use disorders (AUDs). There is some evidence that this pattern of comorbidity may be associated with poorer prognosis. Although there are many different psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments for BPD and AUDs when they occur alone, there are very few treatment options when they occur together. The objective of this article was to review the existing treatment options-both psychotherapeutic and pharmacological-for patients with dual diagnoses of BPD and AUDs and to explore alternative treatment options that warrant further study. There have been a number of studies that have examined the efficacy of specific psychotherapies targeting drinking among patients with comorbid BPD; however, their efficacy in reducing BPD symptoms is unknown. There are also three psychotherapies that were specifically developed for patients with BPD and substance use disorders (SUDs), but only one of these (Dynamic Deconstructive Psychotherapy) has been tested among patients with dual diagnoses of BPD and AUDs. Research on pharmacotherapy for dual diagnoses of BPD and AUD is scarce, and no study has yet explored medication options that can concurrently manage symptoms of BPD and decrease alcohol consumption. Interestingly, there is growing evidence that anticonvulsants and second generation antipsychotics, the recent medications of choice for the management of BPD symptoms, may also reduce alcohol craving and consumption. Although premature, these findings are encouraging especially for this population of patients for whom treatment options are very limited.
    Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 06/2012; 20(4):333-44. DOI:10.1037/a0027999 · 2.63 Impact Factor
Show more