Proof of principle of a high-spatial-resolution, resonant-response γ-ray detector for Gamma Resonance Absorptionin 14N

Journal of Instrumentation (Impact Factor: 1.4). 03/2011; 6(02). DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/6/02/P02008
Source: arXiv


The development of a mm-spatial-resolution, resonant-response detector based
on a micrometric glass capillary array filled with liquid scintillator is
described. This detector was developed for Gamma Resonance Absorption (GRA) in
14N. GRA is an automatic-decision radiographic screening technique that
combines high radiation penetration (the probe is a 9.17 MeV gamma ray) with
very good sensitivity and specificity to nitrogenous explosives. Detailed
simulation of the detector response to electrons and protons generated by the
9.17 MeV gamma-rays was followed by a proof-of-principle experiment, using a
mixed gamma-ray and neutron source. Towards this, a prototype capillary
detector was assembled, including the associated filling and readout systems.
Simulations and experimental results indeed show that proton tracks are
distinguishable from electron tracks at relevant energies, on the basis of a
criterion that combines track length and light intensity per unit length.

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Available from: David Vartsky, Oct 13, 2015
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    • "For fixed target experimental activities, a focused beam is desired in order to obtain higher interaction rates on a target. Such a setup enables applications in material analysis such as PIGE/PIXE [2] [3] [4] and GRNA [5] [6] [7]. Another interesting option is the use of the envisioned PMQ system for beam transfer lines (BTL), where minimal beam divergence is required instead of minimal beam size. "
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    Journal of Instrumentation 11/2012; 8(02). DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/8/02/P02001 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    • "In 2005 the Soreq, PTB and Bern University collaboration investigated a capillary array of 20 µm in diameter fibres, developed by the CHORUS collaboration at CERN. The capillaries were filled with high-refractive-index liquid scintillator developed at Soreq for a Gamma-ray Resonance Absorption (GRA) detector [8]. The detector was tested with gamma-rays and mixed gamma and neutron events, produced by radioactive sources. "
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    ABSTRACT: A fast-neutron imaging detector based on micrometric glass capillaries loaded with high refractive index liquid scintillator has been developed Neutron energy spectrometry is based on event-by-event detection and reconstruction of neutron energy from the measurement of the knock-on proton track length and the amount of light produced in the track. In addition, the detector can provide fast-neutron imaging with position resolution of tens of microns. The detector principle of operation, simulations and experimental results obtained with a small detector prototype are described. We have demonstrated by simulation energy spectrum reconstruction for incident neutrons in the range of 4–20 MeV. The energy resolution in this energy range was 10–15%. Preliminary experimental results of detector spectroscopic capabilities are presented
    Journal of Instrumentation 04/2012; 7(04). DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/7/04/C04021 · 1.40 Impact Factor