Entanglement entropy of two disjoint intervals in c=1 theories

Journal of Statistical Mechanics Theory and Experiment (Impact Factor: 1.87). 03/2011; 6(06). DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2011/06/P06012
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We study the scaling of the Renyi entanglement entropy of two disjoint blocks
of critical lattice models described by conformal field theories with central
charge c=1. We provide the analytic conformal field theory result for the
second order Renyi entropy for a free boson compactified on an orbifold
describing the scaling limit of the Ashkin-Teller (AT) model on the self-dual
line. We have checked this prediction in cluster Monte Carlo simulations of the
classical two dimensional AT model. We have also performed extensive numerical
simulations of the anisotropic Heisenberg quantum spin-chain with tree-tensor
network techniques that allowed to obtain the reduced density matrices of
disjoint blocks of the spin-chain and to check the correctness of the
predictions for Renyi and entanglement entropies from conformal field theory.
In order to match these predictions, we have extrapolated the numerical results
by properly taking into account the corrections induced by the finite length of
the blocks to the leading scaling behavior.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We consider the mutual Renyi information I^n(A,B)=S^n_A+S^n_B-S^n_{AUB} of disjoint compact spatial regions A and B in the ground state of a d+1-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT), in the limit when the separation r between A and B is much greater than their sizes R_{A,B}. We show that in general I^n(A,B)\sim C^n_AC^n_B(R_AR_B/r^2)^a, where a the smallest sum of the scaling dimensions of operators whose product has the quantum numbers of the vacuum, and the constants C^n_{A,B} depend only on the shape of the regions and universal data of the CFT. For a free massless scalar field, where 2x=d-1, we show that C^2_AR_A^{d-1} is proportional to the capacitance of a thin conducting slab in the shape of A in d+1-dimensional electrostatics, and give explicit formulae for this when A is the interior of a sphere S^{d-1} or an ellipsoid. For spherical regions in d=2 and 3 we obtain explicit results for C^n for all n and hence for the leading term in the mutual information by taking n->1. We also compute a universal logarithmic correction to the area law for the Renyi entropies of a single spherical region for a scalar field theory with a small mass.
    Journal of Physics A Mathematical and Theoretical 04/2013; 46(28). · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate entanglement properties of the excited states of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg (XXX) chain with isotropic antiferromagnetic interactions, by exploiting the Bethe ansatz solution of the model. We consider eigenstates obtained from both real and complex solutions ("strings") of the Bethe equations. Physically, the former are states of interacting magnons, whereas the latter contain bound states of groups of particles. We first focus on the low-density regime, i.e., with few particles in the chain. Using exact results and semiclassical arguments, we derive an upper bound S_MAX for the entanglement entropy. This exhibits an intermediate behavior between logarithmic and extensive, and it is saturated for highly-entangled states. As a function of the eigenstate energy, the entanglement entropy is organized in bands. Their number depends on the number of blocks of contiguous Bethe-Takahashi quantum numbers. In presence of bound states a significant reduction in the entanglement entropy occurs, reflecting that a group of bound particles behaves effectively as a single particle. Interestingly, the associated entanglement spectrum shows edge-related levels. Upon increasing the particle density, the semiclassical bound S_MAX becomes inaccurate. For highly-entangled states S_A\propto L_c, with L_c the chord length, signaling the crossover to extensive entanglement. Finally, we consider eigenstates containing a single pair of bound particles. No significant entanglement reduction occurs, in contrast with the low-density regime.
    Journal of Statistical Mechanics Theory and Experiment 06/2014; 2014(10). · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study the R\'enyi entropies of N disjoint intervals in the conformal field theories given by the free compactified boson and the Ising model. They are computed as the 2N point function of twist fields, by employing the partition function of the model on a particular class of Riemann surfaces. The results are written in terms of Riemann theta functions. The prediction for the free boson in the decompactification regime is checked against exact results for the harmonic chain. For the Ising model, matrix product states computations agree with the conformal field theory result once the finite size corrections have been taken into account.
    Journal of Statistical Mechanics Theory and Experiment 09/2013; 2014(1). · 1.87 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 16, 2014