Intrinsic bending of microtubule protofilaments.
ABSTRACT The complex polymerization dynamics of the microtubule (MT) plus end are closely linked to the hydrolysis of the GTP nucleotide bound to the β-tubulin. The destabilization is thought to be associated with the conformational change of the tubulin dimers from the straight conformation in the MT lattice to a curved conformation. It remains under debate whether this transformation is directly related to the nucleotide state, or a consequence of the longitudinal or lateral contacts in the MT lattice. Here, we present large-scale atomistic simulations of short tubulin protofilaments with both nucleotide states, starting from both extreme conformations. Our simulations indicate that both interdimer and intradimer contacts in both GDP and GTP-bound tubulin dimers and protofilaments in solution bend. There are no observable differences between the mesoscopic properties of the contacts in GTP and GDP-bound tubulin or the intradime and interdimer interfaces.
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ABSTRACT: We report here that microtubules in vitro coexist in growing and shrinking populations which interconvert rather infrequently. This dynamic instability is a general property of microtubules and may be fundamental in explaining cellular microtubule organization.Nature 01/1984; 312(5991):237-42. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A combination of ligand binding and sedimentation equilibrium studies was used to characterize the thermodynamic linkages between alpha beta tubulin association, nucleotide binding, and the interaction of colchicine analogues with dimeric and dissociated tubulins. The strength of binding of allocolchicine to the tubulin dimer was identical (8 x 10(5) M-1) whether the exchangeable nucleotide site (E site) was occupied by GTP or GDP. This drug bound to dimeric (alpha beta) tubulin and to one of the monomeric subunits, and the binding affinity for the dissociated state was linked to occupancy of the exchangeable nucleotide site. When the exchangeable site was occupied by GTP, the drug bound with very similar affinities to the dimeric and dissociated states of the protein. For tubulin-GDP, the binding of the drug to the dissociated state was significantly weaker (6.3 x 10(4) M-1) than to the dimeric state, suggesting the existence of an E-site-related conformational change in the dissociated state. Podophyllotoxin, which contains the A-ring portion of colchicine, bound with equal affinity to the dimeric and dissociated forms of both tubulin-GTP and tubulin-GDP, indicating that it is the C-ring portion of colchicine that is linked to the E-site-related conformational change.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)Biochemistry 03/1994; 33(4):894-901. · 3.38 Impact Factor