Association of beta-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms and mortality in carvedilol-treated chronic heart-failure patients.
ABSTRACT Pharmacogenetics can be used as a tool for stratified pharmacological therapy in cardiovascular medicine. We investigated whether a predefined combination of the Arg389Gly polymorphism in the adrenergic β(1) -receptor gene (ADRB1) and the Gln27Glu polymorphism in the adrenergic β(2) -receptor gene (ADRB2) could predict survival in carvedilol- and metoprolol-treated chronic heart failure (HF) patients.
Five hundred and eighty-six HF patients (carvedilol n= 82, metoprolol n= 195) were genotyped for ADRB1 Arg389Gly (rs1801253) and ADRB2 Gln27Glu (rs1042714). The end-point was all-cause mortality, and median follow-up time was 6.7 years. Patients were classified into two functional genotype groups: group 1 combination of Arg389-homozygous and Gln27-carrier (46%) and group 2 any other genotype combination (54%). Results were fitted in two multivariate Cox models.
There was a significant interaction between functional genotype group and carvedilol treatment (adjusted(1) P= 0.033, adjusted(2) P= 0.040). Patients treated with carvedilol had shorter survival in functional genotype group 1 (P= 0.004; adjusted(1) hazard ratio (HR) 2.67, 95% CI 1.27, 5.59, P= 0.010; adjusted(2) HR 2.05, 95% CI 1.06, 3.95, P= 0.033). There was no interaction between genotype group and metoprolol treatment (P= 0.61), and there was no difference in overall survival between genotype groups (P= 0.69).
A combination of ADRB1 Arg389-homozygous and ADRB2 Gln27-carrier in HF patients treated with carvedilol was associated with a two-fold increase in mortality relative to all other genotype combinations. There was no difference in survival in metoprolol-treated HF patients between genotype groups. Patients in genotype group 1 may benefit more from metoprolol than carvedilol treatment.
Article: beta1-Adrenergic receptor polymorphisms influence the response to metoprolol monotherapy in patients with essential hypertension.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The human beta(1)-adrenergic receptor, an important therapeutic target in cardiovascular diseases, has 2 common functional polymorphisms (Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg). Our study aimed to confirm that beta(1)-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms affect the blood pressure response to metoprolol monotherapy in the Chinese population with hypertension. beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay for 223 patients with essential hypertension. Sixty-one patients with certain beta(1)-adrenergic receptor diplotypes, 18 for 49Ser389Arg/49Ser389Arg, 15 for 49Ser389Arg/49Gly389Arg, 19 for 49Ser389Gly/49Gly389Arg, and 9 for 49Ser389Gly/49Ser389Gly, were selected from those 61 for measurement of the antihypertensive effect of metoprolol. Patients were given 25 mg metoprolol every 12 hours for 4 weeks. Heart rate and blood pressure were measured weekly for the duration of metoprolol therapy. The descent of systolic blood pressure after metoprolol administration was significantly different among genotype groups (10.4% +/- 4.0%, 2.8% +/- 4.7%, and 1.1% +/- 1.5% for Arg389Arg, Gly389Arg, and Gly389Gly patients, respectively; P < .001). We also found a similar difference in changes of diastolic blood pressure (6.1% +/- 4.3%, 2.2% +/- 4.2%, and 0.9% +/- 4.0%, respectively; P < .001) and mean arterial pressure (8.1% +/- 3.5%, 2.5% +/- 3.0%, and 1.0% +/- 2.5%, respectively; P > .001) for Arg389Arg, Gly389Arg, and Gly389Gly patients. Ser49Gly variance exhibited a smaller contribution to the antihypertensive effect of metoprolol. Systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in Ser49 homozygous patients compared with Ser49Gly patients (8.4% +/- 3.2% versus 5.3% +/- 5.2%, P = .047). There was a highly significant relationship between diplotype and blood pressure during treatment. Systolic blood pressure significantly decreased in 49Ser389Arg/49Ser389Arg (12.0% +/- 3.8%, P < .001) and 49Ser389Arg/49Gly389Arg (8.4% +/- 5.5%, P < .001) patients, with the decrease in the former being more pronounced (P = .023). We also found a significant decrease in diastolic blood pressure (6.5% +/- 4.7% versus 5.7% +/- 3.2%, respectively; both P < .001) and mean arterial pressure (8.8% +/- 3.2% versus 6.9% +/- 3.7%, respectively; both P < .001) in 49Ser389Arg/49Ser389Arg and 49Ser389Arg/49Gly389Arg patients. However, blood pressure did not change significantly in 49Ser389Gly/49Gly389Arg and 49Ser389Gly/49Ser389Gly patients (all P > .05). beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor polymorphism was associated with different blood pressure responses to metoprolol therapy in patients with essential hypertension. 49Ser389Arg/49Ser389Arg and 49Ser389Arg/49Gly389Arg patients were good responders to metoprolol therapy; 49Ser389Arg/49Ser389Arg patients had a larger systolic blood pressure reduction than 49Ser389Arg/49Gly389Arg patients did. 49Ser389Gly/49Gly389Arg and 49Ser389Gly/49Ser389Gly patients were nonresponders to metoprolol antihypertensive therapy.Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 08/2006; 80(1):23-32. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To understand the basis of the effectiveness of carvedilol in heart failure by determining its specific properties at human heart beta1- and beta2-adrenoceptors. The positive inotropic effects of noradrenaline (in the presence of the beta2-selective antagonist ICI118551) and adrenaline (in the presence of the beta1-selective antagonist CGP20712), mediated through beta1- and beta2-adrenoceptors, respectively, were investigated in atrial and ventricular trabeculae. The patch-clamp technique was used to investigate effects of noradrenaline and adrenaline on L-type Ca2+ current in human atrial myocytes. Carvedilol was a 13-fold more potent competitive antagonist of the effects of adrenaline at beta2-adrenoceptors (-logKB=10.13+/-0.08) than of noradrenaline at beta1-adrenoceptors (-logKB=9.02+/-0.07) in human right atrium. Chronic carvedilol treatment of patients with non-terminal heart failure reduced the inotropic sensitivity of atrial trabeculae to noradrenaline and adrenaline 5.6-fold and 91.2-fold, respectively, compared to beta1-blocker-treated patients, consistent with persistent preferential blockade of beta2-adrenoceptors. In terminal heart failure carvedilol treatment reduced 1.8-fold and 25.1-fold the sensitivity of right ventricular trabeculae to noradrenaline and adrenaline, respectively, but metoprolol treatment did not reduce the sensitivity to the catecholamines. Increases of current (ICa,L) produced by noradrenaline and adrenaline were not different in atrial myocytes obtained from non-terminal heart failure patients treated with metoprolol or carvedilol, consistent with dissociation of both beta-blockers from the receptors. Carvedilol blocks human cardiac beta2-adrenoceptors more than beta1-adrenoceptors, thereby conceivably contributing to the beneficial effects in heart failure. The persistent blockade of beta-adrenoceptors is attributed to accumulation of carvedilol in cardiac tissue.Cardiovascular Research 02/2006; 69(1):128-39. · 6.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Danish Civil Registration System (CRS) was established in 1968, where all persons alive and living in Denmark were registered. Among many other variables, it includes individual information on personal identification number, gender, date of birth, place of birth, place of residence, citizenship, continuously updated information on vital status, and the identity of parents and spouses. To evaluate the quality and completeness of the information recorded on persons in the CRS, we considered all persons registered on November 4, 2005, i.e. all persons who were alive and resident in Denmark at least one day from April 2, 1968 to November 4, 2005, or in Greenland from May 1, 1972 to November 4, 2005. A total of 8,176,097 persons were registered. On November 4, 2005, 5,427,687 (66.4%) were alive and resident in Denmark, 56,920 (0.7%) were alive and resident in Greenland, 2,141,373 (26.2%) were dead, 21,160 (0.3%) had disappeared, and 528,957 (6.5%) had emigrated. Among persons born in Denmark 1960 or later the CRS contains complete information on maternal identity. Among persons born in Denmark 1970 or later the CRS contains complete information on paternal identity. Among women born in Denmark April 1935 or later the CRS contains complete information on all their children. Among males born in Denmark April 1945 or later the CRS contains complete information on all their children. The CRS contains complete information on: a) immigrations and emigrations from 1971 onwards, b) permanent residence in a Danish municipality from 1971 onwards, c) permanent residence in a municipality in Greenland from May 1972 onwards, and d) full address in Denmark from 1977 onwards. Data from the CRS is an important research tool in epidemiological research, which enables Danish researchers to carry out representative population-based studies on e.g. the potential clustering of disease and death in families and the potential association between residence and disease and death.Danish medical bulletin 12/2006; 53(4):441-9. · 0.75 Impact Factor