IDUA mutational profiling of a cohort of 102 European patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I: identification and characterization of 35 novel α-L-iduronidase (IDUA) alleles.

Consortium for Human Molecular Genetics, Milano Bicocca University, Monza, Italy.
Human Mutation (Impact Factor: 5.05). 03/2011; 32(6):E2189-210. DOI: 10.1002/humu.21479
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mutational analysis of the IDUA gene was performed in a cohort of 102 European patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I. A total of 54 distinct mutant IDUA alleles were identified, 34 of which were novel including 12 missense mutations, 2 nonsense mutations, 12 splicing mutations, 5 micro-deletions, 1 micro-duplication 1 translational initiation site mutation, and 1 'no-stop' change (p.X654RextX62). Evidence for the pathological significance of all novel mutations identified was sought by means of a range of methodological approaches, including the assessment of evolutionary conservation, RT-PCR/in vitro splicing analysis, MutPred analysis and visual inspection of the 3D-model of the IDUA protein. Taken together, these data not only demonstrate the remarkable mutational heterogeneity characterizing type 1 mucopolysaccharidosis but also illustrate our increasing ability to make deductions pertaining to the genotype-phenotype relationship in disorders manifesting a high degree of allelic heterogeneity.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Hurler syndrome is the most clinically severe form of an autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder characterized by the deficiency of α-L-iduronidase. The resulting accumulation of glycosaminoglycans causes progressive multisystem deterioration, resulting in death in childhood. Umbilical cord blood transplantation from unrelated donors has been previously shown to improve neurological outcomes of children younger than 2 years of age and prolong life. The purpose of this manuscript is to determine whether age at transplantation can predict cognitive outcomes.Methods Between June 1997 and February 2013, 31 patients with Hurler syndrome underwent umbilical cord blood transplantation and were evaluated at baseline and every 6 to 12 months thereafter. All 31 patients underwent complete neurodevelopmental evaluation (median follow-up 7.3 years, range 2–21.7) and a median of 7.0 evaluations (range 3–18).ResultsYounger age at transplantation was associated with improved cognitive function (p=0.001), receptive and expressive language (p=0.004 and p=0.01), and adaptive behavior (p=0.03).InterpretationEarly age at transplantation is a strong predictor of cognitive, language, and adaptive behavior outcomes. Children younger than 9 months at the time of transplant showed normal cognitive development. Our results demonstrate that early diagnosis is necessary for optimal outcomes and support the need for newborn screening since most patients are not identified at this young age. ANN NEUROL 2014. © 2014 American Neurological Association
    Annals of Neurology 08/2014; 76(5). · 11.91 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hurler syndrome, the most severe form of mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I), is a rare lysosomal storage disease. The overall incidence of MPS I is 0.99-1.99/100,000 live births. Accumulation of glycosaminoglycans causes the progressive dysfunction of multiple organs. We report the case of a 3-week-old newborn who was hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for feeding problems. Coarse facial features and gingival hypertrophy, associated with axial hypotonia, upper airway obstruction, and moderate hepatomegaly, led to the early diagnosis of MPS I at 3 weeks of age and was confirmed by an abnormally elevated amount of dermatan and heparan sulphate in the urine and complete deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase lysosomal enzyme activity. The child was homozygous for the p.W402X mutation, located on chromosome 4p16.3 of the alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) gene. The clinical condition gradually deteriorated until the age of 4 months, with thoracic and lumbar dysostoses, glaucoma, cerebral ventricular dilatation and cervical spinal stenosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and umbilical hernia. Early diagnosis allowed enzyme replacement therapy (iaronidase, Aldurazyme(®), Genzyme) started at the age of 5 months, which provided stabilization of the heart disease, significant regression of rhinologic symptoms, and regression of hepatomegaly. Cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was performed at 11 months of age, allowing optimal preservation of cognitive development.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 03/2014; · 0.41 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014