In Vivo Th1 and Th2 Cytokine Modulation Effects of Rhodiola rosea Standardised Solution and its Major Constituent, Salidroside
ABSTRACT Although Rhodiola rosea (L.) is used widely and disseminated in Oriental medicine, its in vivo effects on cytokine modulation remain unclear. Among the biologically active components of Rhodiola rosea, salidroside was suggested to be the most active compound. The objectives of this study were to assess the toxicity and cytokine modulation effects of Rhodiola rosea standardised solution (RRSS) and salidroside. Quantitative high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis determined the content of salidroside in RRSS to be 4.39% (w/v). Groups of Balb/c mice were fed daily with different doses of RRSS or salidroside, with CAPE or distilled water used as positive and negative controls, respectively. The acute and subacute toxicity tests did not reveal weight differences, pathological changes, or abnormalities in liver or kidney function indices among the treated groups. Ovalbumin-primed mouse cytokine assays demonstrated that both T helper (Th1) (IL-2 and IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokines were significantly increased by feeding with RRSS in a dose- and time-dependent manner (p < 0.05). Moreover, the cytokine modulation effects of salidroside were less prominent than that of RRSS treatment and not dose-dependent. These findings suggest that increased secretion of both Th1- and Th2-pattern cytokines can be achieved with RRSS and salidroside treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Fei Wang
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "Salidroside (4) is one of the major bioactive component in Rhodiola plants, and is well known for its effects to stimulate the nervous system, decrease depression and enhance work performance at high altitude environment (Perfumi and Mattioli 2007; Lin et al., 2011). In this study, we observed a new function of salidroside in promoting osteoblast differentiation, which supports the observation that salidroside inhibited diabetesinduced osteoporosis (Zhang et al., 2009). "
ABSTRACT: The fruits of Ligustrum lucidum (FLL) has long been used for the treatment of osteoporosis in China, but the antiosteoporotic compounds in FLL are still poorly understood. In this study, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity-guided isolation of osteogenic components from FLL was carried out by using osteoblast-like UMR-106 cells. Eight compounds, namely tyrosol (1), tyrosyl acetate (2), hydroxytyrosol (3), salidroside (4), oleoside dimethyl ester (5), oleoside-7-ethyl-11-methyl ester (6), nuzhenide (7), and G13 (8), were isolated and identified. Further study showed that compounds 3, 4, 7, and 8 increased ALP activity in UMR-106 cells. Compounds 5, 6, and 7 promoted the proliferation of UMR-106 cells. The aqueous extract of FLL-activated ERα/β-mediated gene transcription, whereas the isolated compounds were inactive. All eight isolated compounds also exhibited antioxidative activity, with compounds 1, 2, and 3 being the most potent. These results indicate that the antiosteoporotic effect of FLL is derived from different compounds together with different mechanisms such as ER-dependent or independent pathways and antioxidative effects. Salidroside (4) and nuzhenide (7) warrant further investigation as new pharmaceutical tools for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Phytotherapy Research 07/2013; 27(7). DOI:10.1002/ptr.4820 · 2.66 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adaptogens are harmless herbs which have pharmaceutical benefits due to their balancing, regulative and tonic functions. However, despite these medicinal effects, the antioxidant potential of adaptogens is rarely mentioned. This study investigated the antioxidant potential of 3 adaptogen extracts, Rhodiola rosea (golden root), Eleutherococcus senticosis (Siberian ginseng) and Emblica officinalis (Indian gooseberry, Amla). The results of this study showed that R. rosea had the highest potential for singlet oxygen scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, ferric reducing, ferrous chelating and protein thiol protection than either of the other 2 extracts. E. senticosis, on the other hand, showed the best potential for hypochlorite scavenging. In addition, the polyphenol content in the 3 adaptogen extracts followed the order: R. rosea, E. officinalis and E. senticosis. Our data suggest that the antioxidant potential of the 3 adaptogen extracts was proportional to their respective polyphenol content. The supplementation of adaptogen extracts containing high levels of polyphenols may not only have adaptogen properties, but may decrease the risk of complications induced by oxidative stress.The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 02/2008; 36(6):1209-17. DOI:10.1142/S0192415X08006533 · 2.76 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Successful drug treatment for sepsis-related acute lung injury (ALI) remains a major clinical problem. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effects of salidroside on ameliorating cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced lung inflammation. Rats underwent CLP surgery to induce ALI and 800 mg/kg salidroside (i.v.) was administered 24 h after the CLP challenge. Subsequently, biochemical changes in the blood and lung tissues, as well as morphological and histological alterations in the lungs, that were associated with inflammation and injury were analysed. CLP was shown to significantly increase the serum levels of plasma tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, -1β and-10. In addition, CLP increased pulmonary oedema, thickened the alveolar septa and caused inflammation in the lung cells. These changes were ameliorated by the administration of 800 mg/kg salidroside (i.v.) 24 h after the CLP challenge. This post-treatment drug administration also significantly attenuated the lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of nuclear factor-κβ and increased the release of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ in the lung tissue. Therefore, salidroside administered following the induction of ALI by CLP significantly prevented and reversed lung tissue injuries. The positive post-treatment effects of salidroside administration indicated that salidroside may be a potential candidate for the management of lung inflammation in CLP-induced endotoxemia and septic shock.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 06/2014; 7(6):1446-1456. DOI:10.3892/etm.2014.1629 · 1.27 Impact Factor