Fetal wellbeing may be compromised during strenuous exercise among pregnant elite athletes
ABSTRACT To study fetal wellbeing and uteroplacental blood flow during strenuous treadmill running in the second trimester.
Six pregnant Olympic-level athletes in endurance events aged 28-37 years and training 15-22 h per week before the pregnancy were tested once at 23-29 weeks of pregnancy. The women ran three to five submaximal workloads on a treadmill with approximately 60-90% of maximal oxygen consumption. The maternal-fetal circulation was assessed with Doppler ultrasound of the uterine and umbilical arteries before, during and after exercise.
Mean uterine artery volume blood flow was reduced to 60-80% after warming up and stayed at 40-75% of the initial value during exercise. Fetal heart rate (FHR) was within the normal range (110-160 bpm) as long as the woman exercised below 90% of maximal maternal heart rate (MHR). Fetal bradycardia and high umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI) occurred when the woman exercised more than 90% of maximal MHR and the mean uterine artery volume blood flow was less than 50% of the initial value. FHR and umbilical artery PI normalised quickly after stopping the exercise.
Exercise at intensity above 90% of maximal MHR in pregnant elite athletes may compromise fetal wellbeing.
- SourceAvailable from: Anna Szumilewicz
„Organizacja i zarządzanie sportem - sektorowe ramy kwalifkacji", 3-4.09.2013, Warszawa; 09/2012
- "Clapp i Cram, 2013). Systematycznie prowadzone są badania eksperymentalne, które mają na celu wyznaczanie takiego zakresu intensywności wysiłku fizycznego u zawodniczek wyczynowych, przy którym nie obserwuje się negatywnych konsekwencji dla płodu (Salvesen i in., 2012; Szymański i in. 2013). "
- Journal of Applied Physiology 05/2012; 113(7):1162-5. DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01426.2011 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prenatal life is recognised as a critical period where vital physiological processes may be permanently transformed leading to altered susceptibility to disease risk later in life.1 Accordingly, fetal adaptive responses to the maternal milieu, including the in utero effect of a physically active pregnancy, may influence the long-term health and well-being of the developing child. Is there potentially lifelong significance of maternal exercise on fetal health? Although the recent study published in BJSM by Salvesen et al2 is timely with respect to the fetal response to extreme levels of maternal exertion in competitive Olympic hopefuls, it has limited applicability to the maternal population at large who are mostly inactive.3 The latter may benefit the most from a physically active, healthful pregnancy. In their study examining fetal response and utero-placental blood flow during strenuous treadmill running in the second trimester, Salvesen et al2 note that fetal HR was within the normal range as long as maternal exertion was below 90% maternal HRmax; an exercise intensity that few women would routinely work at, nor would be encouraged in a typical maternal population. If maternal HR exceeded 90% of maximum value and uterine artery blood flow was simultaneously less than 50% the initial value, fetal bradycardia occurred. However, despite these concerns, following exercise cessation fetal HR reached baseline values, uterine artery flow volume improved to resting values in most women and all birthweights were within the lower normal range for Norwegian children, which is encouraging. Salvasen and …British Journal of Sports Medicine 08/2012; 47(13). DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091452 · 5.03 Impact Factor