A tomato lycopene complex protects the kidney from cisplatin-induced injury via affecting oxidative stress as well as Bax, Bcl-2, and HSPs expression.

Department of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.
Nutrition and Cancer (Impact Factor: 2.7). 03/2011; 63(3):427-34. DOI: 10.1080/01635581.2011.535958
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is related to an increase in oxidative stress in the kidney. Lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomatoes, is a potent dietary antioxidant. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the tomato lycopene complex against cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation and nephrotoxicity in rats. Male Wistar rats (n = 28, 8 wk old, between 200-215 g) were divided into 4 groups: (a) control, (b) tomato lycopene complex (6 mg/kg, daily; consisting of 6% lycopene, 1.5% tocopherols, 1% phytoene and phytofluene, and 0.2% β-carotene), (c) cisplatin (7 mg/kg i.p., single dose), and (d) cisplatin + tomato lycopene complex. Cisplatin administration increased serum urea-N (171 vs. 37 mg/dl) and creatinine (1.80 vs. 0.42 mg/dl) and decreased body weight in comparison with the control rats (P < 0.001). Serum creatinine and urea-N levels were lower in rats treated with tomato lycopene complex + cisplatin compared with rats treated with cisplatin alone (P < 0.001). The renal tissue from the cisplatin-treated rats had greater malondialdehyde (MDA; 172 vs. 93 nmol/g) and 8-isoprostane levels (1810 vs. 610 pg/g) than that from the control rats (P < 0.001). Tomato lycopene complex prevented the rise of MDA and 8-isoprostane (P < 0.001). No measurable lycopene could be detected in the serum of the control and cisplatin-treated rats, whereas lycopene was observed in the serum of rats supplemented with tomato lycopene complex. Renal Bax protein expression was significantly higher in the cisplatin-treated rats than in the control rats, and tomato lycopene complex treatment significantly reduced Bax expression (P < 0.001). The expression of Bcl-2 was higher in tomato lycopene complex/cisplatin-treated rats than in the cisplatin-injected rats (P < 0.05). The expression of renal HSP60 and HSP70 was significantly lower in tomato lycopene complex + cisplatin-treated rats than in rats treated with cisplatin alone (P < 0.001). These results suggest that tomato lycopene complex has protective effects against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and lipid peroxidation in rats.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 07/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite its significant anticancer activity, the clinical use of cisplatin is often limited by its undesirable side effects in the kidney known as nephrotoxicity. It is a common and often overlooked clinical entity that presents itself in the setting of oxidative stress-associated diseases in older individuals with renal failure. In this study, we investigated the antioxidant-protecting effects of vitamin B6 in the kidney, with a view on the vasoregulatory role of renal pyridoxal 5′-phosphate at reducing the hemodynamic toxicity of cisplatin. Hence, 50 male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly assigned in one of five groups of the study to receive a corresponding dose of either normal saline, vitamin B6 (200 mg/kg/bw; i.m.) or cisplatin alone (7 mg/kg/bw; i.m.), or in combination with vitamin B6 at low (100 mg/kg/bw; i.m.) and high dose (200 mg/kg/bw; i.m.) for 10 days as animal model of renal failure. Daily administration of cisplatin at a dose of 7 mg/kg/bw resulted in a significant increase in local and systemic oxidative stress of the kidney and a decrease in glomerular function as a result of early hemodynamic toxicity. Histopathological examinations of renal tissues revealed acute tubular necrosis with hyaline cast formation triggered by cisplatin over 9 days of the study, in addition to interstitial nephritis and tubular epithelial loss. Further biochemical studies in HVB group showed the protecting effects of supplemented vitamin B6 at a high dose, including a slowdown in urinary enzyme activity, a significant decrease in plasma lipid peroxidation, and an increased tissue superoxide dismutase activity with recovery in the glomerular hemodynamicity and ATPase activity up to 50 % when compared to the low-dose rats and controls. In high-dose animals, the normal glomerular and tubular function on recovery from toxic renal failure led us to conclude that the antioxidant property of vitamin B6 consistently increases with the dose intensity. The present study also provided evidence that high dose of vitamin B6 prevented both functional and histological renal changes induced by cisplatin in rats, more efficient than low dose of the vitamin.
    Comparative Clinical Pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the effects of lycopene on the expression of organic anion transporters (OATs), organic cation transporters (OCTs), and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Twenty-eight 8-week-old Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, lycopene-treated (6 mg/kg BW by oral gavage), cisplatin-treated (7 mg/kg BW, IP), and lycopene in combination with cisplatin-treated groups. In the presence of cisplatin, serum urea nitrogen (urea-N) (48.5 vs. 124.3 mg/dl) and creatinine (0.29 vs. 1.37 mg/dl) levels and the kidney efflux transporters MRP2 and MRP4 levels were significantly increased, whereas OAT1, OAT3, OCT1, and OCT2 levels in kidney were decreased in the treated rats compared with normal control rats. However, administration of lycopene in combination with cisplatin resulted in a reduction in the serum urea-N (124.3 vs. 62.4) and creatinine (1.37 vs. 0.40) levels and the kidney efflux transporters MRP2 and MRP4 proteins in the kidneys. Administration of lycopene to acute renal injury-induced rats largely upregulated the organic anion transporters (OAT1 and 3) and organic cation transporters (OCT1 and 2) to decrease the side effects of cisplatin. The present study suggests that lycopene synergizes with its nephroprotective effect against cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury in rats.
    Biological trace element research 02/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor


Available from
May 21, 2014